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Topic Title: REPORT: Materials Degradation Issues in the US High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository
Topic Summary: K. Mon, et. al., DOE. Focus on interaction between in-drift environmental conditions and long-term materials degradation
Created On: 5/16/2007 8:41 AM

 5/16/2007 8:41 AM

Lynne Robinson

Posts: 701
Joined: 2/3/2007

This technical report reviews the state-of-the-art understanding of the degradation processes by the Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) with focus on interaction between the in-drift environmental conditions and long-term materials degradation of waste packages and drip shields within the repository system during the first 10,000-years after repository closure. The degradation modes discussed include aging and phase instability, dry oxidation, general and localized corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and hydrogen induced cracking of Alloy 22 and titanium alloys. The effects of microbial activity and radiation on the degradation of Alloy 22 and titanium alloys are also discussed. Further, for titanium alloys, the effects of fluorides, bromides, and galvanic coupling to less noble metals are considered. It is concluded that the materials and design adopted will provide sufficient safety margins for at least 10,000-years after repository closure.

Citation: Mon, K.G., F. Hua. United States. Yucca Mountain Project. Materials Degradation Issues in the U.S. High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository. Washington, D.C.: Department of Energy, 2005.

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