Plenary Looks at Innovation in Materials and Manufacturing
By Graduate Student Reporter Graham Sanborn, Georgia
high-level government and academic professionals
presented at the plenary focused on innovation initiatives for rapid
commercialization in materials and manufacturing.
Julie Robinson, Chief Scientist of the International Space
Station (ISS) at NASA, kicked off the session with her presentation titled, "The ISS as
an Innovation Laboratory." Robinson explained how researchers and industry
use the ISS for experiments to promote innovation. The ISS is able to
about 200 experiments at once and its lifetime is just beginning - with
limited past use and at least seven more years of fully operational utilization.
Robinson reviewed how the ISS and other microgravity systems have a history of
promoting experiments that directly accelerate the transfer of knowledge into
processes. The ISS now presents a great innovation opportunity for
Frank Gayle, Deputy Director of the Advanced Manufacturing
National Program Office at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST),
and Robert Ivester, Deputy Program Manager of
the Advanced Manufacturing Office
at the U.S. Department of Energy, both presented on innovation
related to the
presidential Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP)
Gayle helps direct the interagency office, which is hosted by NIST
and was set up as a result of the AMP. The AMP initiative includes plans for
15 manufacturing hubs that are linked in regional clusters across
the United States,
promoting innovation between businesses (small and large) and
academia, and workforce
development and education. Gayle highlighted a pilot
manufacturing institute on
3D printing called the National Additive
Manufacturing Innovation Institute.
Ivester's Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) is a
member of the AMP. Ivester explained that motivations for these new initiatives
are a result of the United States falling behind in economic competitiveness. More importantly,
there is a significant U.S. high-tech trade deficit. These facts are worrisome
considering there has been a deficit since 2001, and 60% of U.S. science and
jobs are in manufacturing. The AMO aims to promote economy-wide
life cycle impacts,
with goals to reduce life cycle energy consumption of
manufactured goods by 50%
over ten years. Both AMP offices are directing efforts
to bridge the current funding
gap between basic science and prototyped
technology (TRL 4-7).
Tresa Pollock, Alcoa Professor of Materials and Chair of the
Materials Department at the University of California at Santa Barbara, presented a talk on "Integrated Computational
Materials Engineering (ICME): A Study on Implementing ICME in the Aerospace,
and Maritime Industries." This talk provided an update on a report
led by TMS
on the implementation of ICME. This newly recognized discipline aims
development of advanced materials and manufacturing processes
from discovery to
deployment." The study is intended to serve as a field manual for
to implement ICME and is centered on lightweight applications in
automotive, and maritime sectors. It is being led by five teams, made up of industry
and academia experts in each of the sectors, and will be
complete in July 2013.
The plenary concluded with an open panel question and
discussion session. The event was moderated by George Spanos, TMS Technical Director,
and was supported by the Georgia Tech Manufacturing Institute
and the Georgia
Tech Institute for Materials.
Delivers the 2013 Vittorio de Nora Prize Lecture
By Graduate Student Reporter Alex Leary, Carnegie Mellon University
Leon Prentice, a Senior Research Engineer with CSIRO,
delivered the de Nora Prize Lecture Wednesday during the Energy Technologies and Carbon
Dioxide Management: Carbon Footprint Analysis symposium. The de
Nora Prize recognizes outstanding
materials science research and contributions to the reduction of environmental
impacts, particularly greenhouse gas emissions, as applied in global
The lecture focused on recent work
on MagSonicTM, a carbothermal magnesium
refinement process. Prentice's remarks focused on economic
assessments in preparation
for scale up and contrasted the process to the
currently adopted techniques in
industry: the Pidgeon process and electrolytic
extraction. Plans are underway to
construct a $10-12M pilot plant to prove continuous operation and production of
high-purity magnesium, better assess the economics, and determine environmental
impacts. The planned production rate is
10 kg/hr, and he stated that, "capital intensity is a big discussion. Our
analysis has MagSonicTM at $5600 per annual ton."
Prentice advised caution with
regards to process economics adding, "There are a lot of different claims in
the literature. They tend to only focus
on one part of the process. So the main advantage of MagSonicTM derives from
its simplicity." The technique uses a
nozzle to provide rapid cooling that solves the reversion reaction, a
traditional limitation of thermocarbon processes. "As the products of the reaction are gasses,
you need to know the pressures to avoid a leak," said Prentice. His team
novel computational fluid dynamics to better understand the flow
"MagSonicTM is likely to
be more expensive than Pidgeon due to the reactors and the vacuum system," said
Prentice, but he predicted 50% less energy intensity and 85% less GWP. He remarked, "We think that capital cost is
outweighed by the operating cost. This
depends strongly on where you build and
how much your electricity is. There may also be savings in the labor
intensity required." He estimated
the process requires 145.6 kWh/kg of magnesium produced and that electricity
account for 47% of the total operating costs.
Prentice pointed interested parties
to review recently published work that provides more
details on the process and
recognized his CSIRO team for their efforts.
Launches MGI Digital Data Community
In partnership with The National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST), TMS officially launched the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) Digital Data Community during TMS2013. The MGI
Digital Data Community is a new, online resource that augments and further
the broad-scale development of a Materials Innovation (MI) infrastructure.
The new, interactive tool made its debut through online
demonstrations at the TMS Materials Innovation Learning Center, which was a
showcase at the TMS2013 Exhibition.
Developed by the
White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the MGI is an effort to accelerate
the discovery and deployment of advanced materials - from laboratory to
commercial marketplace. A principal goal
of the initiative is to build a Materials Innovation infrastructure that will:
- Integrate computational and experimental tools
with digital data into the full product development cycle, with a goal to reduce
new product development time and costs by almost half;
- Support increased collaboration amongst
researchers and stakeholders.
As part of the response to this challenge, the new MGI
Digital Data Community supports community building and interactions within the
various sub-disciplines of materials science and engineering. It allows users to
build and join communities surrounding specific technical
disciplines and topics,
especially focused on the creation and sharing of
data. These communities provide a forum
for discussions; sharing documents, slide shows, and videos; notifying other
of upcoming events; and more.
Users can create a
free account and start joining or creating communities for discussion and
by visiting www.mgidata.org.
the prompts and instructions on the site
to create a user profile and to join
or create communities of interest within
your field or area of expertise.
- Invite colleagues and acquaintances to start
taking advantage of this excellent resource for technical interactions and
To find other resources built around accelerating
materials development, check out the Materials Cyberinfrastructure
LMD Luncheon Honors Award Winners, Features Lithium
By Graduate Student Reporter Graham Sanborn, Georgia Tech
eventful Light Metals Division (LMD) Luncheon occurred Wednesday and included
the presentation of three scholarships, five professional awards, and a talk by
John Mitchell from Rockwood Lithium.
Three undergraduate students were presented with 2013 LMD scholarships
for research projects at their respective universities. Rodney Lee Jones from
Ohio State University, Marissa Lafata from the University of Michigan, and Aeriel
Murphy from the University of Alabama were the students
honored at the event.
In addition, five professional awards were made. The Young
Leader Professional Development Award was presented to four young leaders: Shib
Narayan Meher, National Aluminum Company, Ltd.; Leon Prentice, CSIRO Process Science
and Engineering; James Saal, Northwestern University; and Kiran Solanki, Arizona State University. Dmitry
Eskin from Brunel University received the LMD Technology Award. The
Service Award was presented to Jomar Thonstad from the Norwegian
Science and Technology. For publication awards, the Light Metals
Best Paper Award
was presented to Andrey Panov from UC RUSAL Engineering and
and his colleagues. The JOM Best Paper Award was presented to
and colleagues from the University of Toronto. (For a complete listing of TMS
award winners, click here.)
The luncheon finished with guest speaker John
Mitchell, President of North American
Rockwood Lithium, who presented a talk titled "Lithium: Solving Global Energy Issues." Mitchell spoke
about the current status of electric vehicles, and energy use and reserves in
United States, giving high importance to environmental and health concerns from
automobile air pollution as our world population quickly increases. Mitchell
how American Rockwell is focusing plans on the U.S. energy solutions
of fuel efficiency, energy independence, grid efficiency, and sustainability.
Happy Hour Brings Together Young and Established Professionals
The din of the Presidio room, spilling into the hallway at the Grand Hyatt,
was all TMS President Elizabeth Holm needed to measure the success of the Young
Professional Happy Hour Reception on Wednesday.
to the volume of noise in the room," she said. Shelooked around at the clusters of young professionals in the early
years of their career, mingling loudly with various members of TMS leadership,
TMS has held receptions for its young professionals for
years, but this was the first time more seasoned members had been invited to
in the event, said Bryn Simpson, TMS Member Services Manager. This
the invitee list was expressly in response to the desire of those
leaders of the organization to have a chance to network with more
members. This year, volunteers involved in revitalizing the TMS
supports the young professionals in the society, were also
invited to the reception.
Jennifer Carter, who just weeks ago took on a faculty
at Case Western Reserve University, said she appreciated the opportunity and
afforded by the casual environment of the reception room. She especially
the chance to speak with the TMS president.
Holm is really hard to get hold of," she said. "I've
been trying to find her all
week. I was happy to see her walk through the door. . . . It makes you feel valued."
With about 30 attendees
at various points in their careers making the most of the happy hour, Holm said
the event reinforced the society's commitment to its next generation of
"The young and mid-career professionals are a priority for the
society," she said.
She anticipated that this was not the last time such
a networking reception would
be held. "I would strongly advocate doing it
again," she said.
Young Professional Poster Contest Winners Selected
This week, the work of nearly thirty young materials
scientists and engineers has been on display at the Henry B. Gonzalez Convention
Center as part of a new poster contest created specifically for early-career professionals. Yesterday, five
winners were selected for the inaugural TMS Technical Division Young
Poster Contest-one from each of the five TMS Technical Divisions. The winner in each division was awarded a
Electronic, Magnetic & Photonic
Megan Cordill, Erich
Schmid Institute, "Fatigue-Induced
Grain Coarsening and its Influence on the Electrical Resistance of Cu Films on
Extraction & Processing Division
Jan de Bakker, BBA,
Inc., "A Review of
Energy Use in Fine Grinding"
Light Metals Division
Fadi Abu-Farha, Clemson
University, "Friction Stir
Back Extrusion (FSBE) of Lightweight Alloys"
Materials Processing &
Kalay, METU, "Nanocrystal Formation From an Amorphous
Structural Materials Division
Zhenzhen Yu, Oak
Ridge National Laboratory, "In-situ
Probing of Microscopic Deformation Kinetics in Advanced High-Strength Steels"
Fundamentals of Friction Stir Welding and Processing
This week, TMS approved Fundamentals of Friction Stir Welding
and Processing, a continuing education course planned for June 2013. Join your
TMS colleagues at the University of North Texas, June 9-11, for this special,
The goal of this short course is to provide participants with the essence
of the accumulated friction stir welding (FSW)/friction stir processing (FSP)
knowledge: both fundamental and practical. This course is designed to provide
a basic understanding of the process and the linkage to performance by introducing
aspects from basic process design, controls, tools, and metallurgical aspects.
The course will culminate with a demonstration and discussion of how various elements
of the course link together.
To learn more about the objectives
and curriculum and to sign up, visit the course website.
What's On Today
Today marks the final day of the TMS 2013 Annual Meeting & Exhibition.
A full schedule of technical programming is planned, and TMS information and services
booths will be opening during the following hours today:
7:00 a.m. to
Programming Support Center
7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
TMS Member Welcome Center
a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
TMS Foundation Center
7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Booth (for purchasing proceedings and other TMS publications)
to 5:00 p.m.
8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
A Few Final Notices
Recycle Your Technical Program and Badges
If you don't plan on keeping
your TMS2013 technical programs and conference badges, please discard them in
the Recycling bins located in the East Registration Lobby, where the TMS registration,
membership, and Foundation booths are located.
your E-mail for Post-Meeting Survey
In about a week, TMS will be sending a post-conference
survey to all meeting attendees and exhibitors. When you receive this survey in
your inbox, please take a few moments to provide honest feedback that can help
TMS to enhance your future meeting experiences with us.
You in San Diego!
Plans are already underway for TMS2014, which will be the society's 143rd
annual conference. Mark your calendars now for next year's event:
TMS 2014 Annual Meeting & Exhibition
San Diego, California
Symposium proposals will be accepted through March
31 for the 2014 meeting, and abstract submissions will open in a few months.
For a complete
listing of additional TMS conferences planned in the coming year, visit the Upcoming TMS Meetings Page.
Thank you for joining us at the TMS 2013 Annual Meeting
& Exhibition, and we hope to see you all again in 2014.