Global R&D Trends Examined at Acta Materialia
By Graduate Student Reporter Alex Leary, Carnegie Mellon University
A panel of
experts from industry, government laboratories, and academia gathered on Tuesday
to discuss issues relevant to global research and development at Global R&D
Trends - Implications for Materials Sciences, the Acta Materialia Materials
and Society Award Special Symposium. The
symposium had been organized to recognize Jeffrey Wadsworth,
President and CEO of Battelle, for being named the recipient of the 2013 Acta
Materials and Society Award. Wadsworth officially received his award
at the TMS-AIME Honors and Awards Banquet
later that evening.
In his keynote
presentation, Wadsworth discussed how trends in
global R&D expenditure are changing along with population growth and
industrialization. Wadsworth noted, "For the first time in 2013, the total investment
in Asia will exceed U.S. R&D spending. In the U.S., we spend
$425B on R&D, and
about three quarters comes from industry." He added, "The U.S. has traditionally led with
big science projects. That's changing, and I think that's a mistake. There is
lots of money. It's an argument about
priorities." He put the U.S. priorities
focus by contrasting reluctance to build user facilities like the Large Hadron Collider that
cost over $3B to the $7B Americans spend yearly on potato chips.
added his perspective as director of the National Science Foundation (NSF). "Our mandate is not just to support big
facilities, but also to support the individual scholar," said Suresh. He considers funding of graduate students,
recent post-docs, and new faculty as a top priority for the NSF and is
to maintaining current funding levels in these areas despite
uncertainty in future budgets. Suresh
pointed to the success of previously funding in this area and noted, "The NSF
Nobel Prize winning work several decades before the prize committee
The NSF is
leveraging ties with USAID to open up new funding opportunities for researchers
overseas and created I-Corps to provide funding for projects during the
critical incubation stage. Suresh also
described the creation of a new Global Research Council that aims to address
issues such as peer review, research integrity, ethics, intellectual property rights, and
open access to data. This type of
council is the first of its kind and Suresh believes that "good science
anywhere is good for science everywhere."
Craig Barrett, former Intel CEO, framed his discussion
by relating some basic rules for competing in the 21st century. Regarding recent
economic uncertainty, Barrett said, "every time there is a transition, there is
an opportunity to win or lose market share. The same is true for countries." He
emphasized that "information and money do not know national boundaries" and added,
"The 21st century is the century of innovation. Those people who want to succeed
need to participate in that innovation."
candid regarding the state of American
R&D. "The U.S. has slipped in its education, the federal R&D budget is half
what it was 30 years ago compared to GDP, and a large portion of its work
force have no marketable skills." He
added, "One of the things that you see as you travel around the world is that
countries are facing these challenges and it's almost like the U.S. is in
about this problem."
government is the vehicle for big science," said Barrett, and he called for a
of the NSF budget.
Center for International Security and Cooperation and an emeritus director of
Los Alamos National Laboratory, described the state of
R&D in the nuclear industry. A
recent decrease in the demand for nuclear power in the U.S. is affecting the
of the remaining planned reactors. This decrease is further eroding the U.S. supply chain and the
manufacturing base is shifting to Asia, but Hecker maintained that the U.S. must
remain a leader in nuclear regulations. He remained optimistic regarding new designs for smaller modular
William Nix, Professor
Emeritus, Stanford University, closed the symposium with sage advice regarding
research. "It's useful to consider problems from
outside your discipline. It's
also been useful to look for new techniques that
end up bettering and nurturing
the discipline itself. This not only helps to solve these problems
but advances the discipline." He cited
several examples including the nanoindenter developed by Oliver and Pharr and
against, "learning more and more about less and less."
TMS Leadership Passes from Wolfgang Schneider to Elizabeth Holm
At Tuesday night's TMS-AIME Honors and Awards Banquet, Hydro
Aluminum's Wolfgang Schneider completed his tenure as 2012 TMS President and Carnegie
Mellon University's Elizabeth Holm began her one-year term in the society's highest
position of volunteer leadership.
In his closing speech as TMS President, Schneider offered
an update on the areas of innovation that he had identified in his inauguration
speech the previous year. "Volunteerism, education, products and services, and
information are all important to the future success of TMS and part of the
plan," he said. "I also set the goals of my presidential
year in these
He noted that the Board of Directors as a whole has
placed more emphasis
on strategic issues, with board meetings now structured
around the goals of the
TMS 2015 Strategic Plan.
Schneider concluded his remarks with a number-4005. "This is
the number of abstracts and posters achieved for TMS2013," he said. "It has
a new record and demonstrates the recognition and importance of the TMS
Meeting within the materials world."
Elizabeth Holm echoed the positive
view of the society in her opening comments as 2013 TMS President. "TMS is in
great shape to respond to the trends in our profession and to the needs of our
members," she said.
During her term, Holm would like to highlight the
third goal of the TMS Strategic Plan: Sustain and grow our core as The Minerals,
Metals & Materials Society.
"My goal for my presidency is
to refocus on these
sustaining members and activities, to ensure that the
professional society that
has served them so well since 1871 remains their
destination of choice for the
next 142 years."
In addition, there are two areas where she hopes to add emphasis
and value: in developing programs to support young- and mid-career professional
members and in focusing on issues of diversity, both geographic and demographic.
the presentations by TMS leaders, the society recognized TMS members with awards
for excellence in a variety of technology areas, sectors, and stages of their
careers. For a complete list of TMS 2013 award winners, click here.
Julia Greer Leads Young Leader Tutorial Luncheon
By Graduate Student Reporter Graham Sanborn, Georgia
Greer, assistant professor of materials science and mechanics at the California
Institute of Technology, gave an inspiring presentation on
how young academic
professionals can manage the demands of family, friends, and
career. The presentation,
titled "A Scientist, a Parent, a Mentor . . . How to
Balance it All?" was an informal discussion with a room full
of young and aspiring scientists.
Greer started with an introduction about the research she is
passionate about and a little background about her life. The Caltech professor
has two daughters, rollerblades around campus, and still finds time to play piano
and work out every day. With this background, Greer moved on to a topic that
has become interested in and researched on her own: How to balance it all?
main problem, she says, with any busy professional is that "you have to make personal
sacrifices to aspire to career aspirations." And you must learn how to balance
these sacrifices so that they don't interfere with your personal life and
research, advice, and personal experience that Greer has
learned was condensed
into a top ten list of survival strategies for managing a
life-work balance. Topics
and examples included finding balance by clarifying
values and setting priorities
(and not feeling guilty about giving something
low priority), using business practices in family (weekly all-hands meeting
anybody?), avoiding "martyrdom addiction" and perfectionism by learning to
on the low priorities and delegate, having a supportive partner and
and, most importantly, not taking yourself too seriously.
Van Camp Discusses Sustainability at Division Luncheon Lecture
By Graduate Student
Reporter Alex Leary, Carnegie Mellon University
Maurits Van Camp, Director of
Competency Platform Recycling and Extraction at Umicore, delivered a lecture entitled, "Sustainability – A
Paradigm Shift for Metals" at yesterday's Extraction & Processing/Materials Processing
& Manufacturing Division (EPD/MPMD) Luncheon. Van Camp
emphasized the need for
wide collaboration, a major theme during the TMS REWAS
symposium. "You need to be good at all
the steps," said Van Camp referring to the compounding efficiency losses by
step in the recycling chain, "and you need to talk to everyone."
the process flow for a smelting plant in Antwerp that recovers metals from
scrap and a recently completed $25 million battery recycling plant. Van Camp believes there are many
opportunities in the collection phase and "strongly believe that
in the end, will create jobs." Regarding the challenges ahead, Van Camp stated, "How will we realize
the paradigm shift? The aim is clear,
the strategy is being developed, the knowledge is being created, and
entrepreneurs are needed to translate the knowledge into innovative market
recently named the world's most sustainable company by Corporate Knights.
The EPD and MPMD announced several awards at the joint division
luncheon lecture. Details on the awards and award winners can be found here.
Receives Mehl Award
By Graduate Student Reporter Alex Leary,
Carnegie Mellon University
TMS awarded the Robert Franklin Mehl Award to Professor Horst
Hahn, who presented his work in tunable nanostructures on Tuesday. The
Award recognizes outstanding scientific leadership and is conferred by the
based on research in the application of materials science to
metals. Professor Hahn is the Managing
Director of the Institute for Nanotechnology at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe
and Director of the Research Laboratory Nanomaterials located at the Technische
Universitat Darmstadt and jointly operated by Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and
printed nanostructures described by Professor Hahn employ a gating mechanism
properties such as length, conductivity, and magnetization can be
by an external field. He employs a type of property control, well known in semiconductors, to
metals. The effect requires small
dimensions where charge screening influences conduction electron and is
amplified through the use of a nanoparticulate structure. Hahn avoids
in the porous media by surrounding it in an electrolyte. The devices defy common limitations of
electrolytic materials that typically show slow response times by operating at
10 MHz and employ inorganic materials to improve stability.
goal of the research shows the ability to tune responses by affecting the
concentration through the use of an external field as opposed to
compositional adjustments. The
performance of an indium oxide device similar to a field effect transistor with
low threshold voltages exhibited large resistivity changes.
TMS Names Student Poster Contest Winners
week, a dozen students were honored for their work through
student poster contests.
More than 70 students participated in this year's TMS
Student Poster Contest, with two winners (one undergraduate and
selected from each of the five TMS technical divisions to
receive $500 awards.
In addition, two winners (one graduate and one undergraduate) were
the Biological Materials Student Poster Contest. From all of these
posters were selected to receive an additional $500 for the
Best of Show Award.
year's winners were:
Best of Show
Undergraduate: "Correlation of Pressure to Bonding
Capabilities Using Novel Heat Treatment Methods in Prototype Sn-Bi Alloys,"
University of Florida (Pictured, left)
Graduate: "Direct Titanium
Powder Production Through the Use
of Pre-Conditioned Magnesium Powder," Amin Oliazadeh, Queen's University (Pictured, right)
Magnetic & Photonic Materials Division
of Pressure to Bonding Capabilities Using Novel Heat Treatment Methods in
Prototype Sn-Bi Alloys," W. Tuttle, University
and Magnetic Properties of Modified Thermomagnetic Annealing
and Heat Treatments
on Commercial Alnico Magnet Alloys," Haley Dillon, Ames Laboratory
& Processing Division
Undergraduate: "Porosity and Percolation in
Glass for Polluted Soil Filtering," Gerardo Nazario, University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez
Graduate: "Direct Titanium Powder
Production Through the Use of Pre-Conditioned Magnesium Powder," Amin Oliazadeh, Queen's University
of Boron and Zinc on Impact Tests of Al-B-Zn Alloy,"
Corchado, University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez
Graduate: "Electronic Structure and
of Stacking Faults of Mg-X Alloys: A First-Principles Study," William Wang, The Pennsylvania State
Processing & Manufacturing Division
Recrystallization of Stainless Steel 316L: A Comparison of Experimental Results
to Computer Simulation," Megan Beck,
Boise State University
Graduate: "3D Reconstruction of Prior
Beta Grain Orientations in Friction Stir Processed Ti-6Al-4V," Adam Shiveley, United States Air Force
Growth of Ultrathin Molecular Films," Jason
Leszczewicz, Western Kentucky University
Graduate: "Effect of Alloying Elements
and Spark Plasma Sintering Parameters on Nano-dispersion Formation in
Ferritic Steels," Somayeh
Pasebani, University of Idaho
Materials Student Poster Contest
Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles Enabled Enhanced Detection of Breast Micro Calcification,"
Cole, University of Notre Dame
Undergraduate: "Effect of Surface
Titanium Alloys," Maria
Hernandez, University of Texas Pan American
Student Career Forum is Another Success
By Graduate Student Reporter Graham Sanborn, Georgia Tech
A panel of nine early- and mid-career
professionals from universities, national labs, and industry held a successful
forum with undergraduates, graduate students, and postdoctoral scientists seeking
professional advice at the annual TMS Student Career Forum.
The forum was led by Julia Greer, assistant professor at
Caltech, and the panel consisted of: Brad
Boyce from Sandia National Labs; Doug Spearot, assistant professor at the
University of Arkansas; Rachael deLucas, research engineer at MIT; Kyle
staff engineer at Savannah River National Lab; Eric Huron, manager of
applications engineering at GE Aviation; Jennifer Carter, assistant
at Case Western Reserve University; Amy Clarke, scientist at Los Alamos National
Lab; and Gavin Garside, research scientist at ATI Wah Chang.
The forum consisted of informal
personal introductions followed by an open question and answer session. The panel and students were
very engaging, often getting into discussion and advice about a particular
The assorted panel provided diverse points of view on topics such as
academic versus industry jobs, determining a job field or focus after
job searching and interviewing tips, job environment, and the value or
taking time off after school. Many students found the event to be
educational. The forum ended with a chance for students to have a
with the panelists.
Join the Growing Materials Innovation Coalition
Become a Signer of The Orlando
Materials Innovation Principles!
When you visit the TMS Materials Innovation
Learning Center (Exhibit Booth #325), be sure to check out the The Orlando
Materials Innovation Principles area and learn how your organization can
join the growing coalition behind Materials Innovation, which is transforming
and accelerating the way new materials are developed and designed to drive manufacturing
and economic growth.
The Principles, available here, call upon the diversity of disciplines and industrial sectors
vital to the U.S. manufacturing economy to work synergistically on developing
a more dynamic approach to materials innovation. This includes manufacturers,
suppliers, and related business entities, as well as universities, government
laboratories, and professional societies.
Currently more than 38 organizations
have endorsed and signed the Principles. As part of this endorsement, members of the materials
and manufacturing community agree to pursue their work guided by the key tenets
outlined in The Principles. During TMS2013, take some time to talk to a TMS representative at
the Materials Innovation Learning Center and learn more about the Principles and
how your organization can become a supporter.
The Orlando Materials Innovation
Principles were developed as an outcome of the TMS Materials/Manufacturing Leaders
Summit held in March 2012 in Orlando, Florida. Some 50 thought leaders in the
materials and manufacturing community attended the Summit to identify approaches
addressing the challenges presented by the U.S. Materials Genome Initiative to
"discover, develop, manufacture, and deploy advanced materials at least twice
as fast as possible as today, at a fraction of the cost."
Japan Institute of Metals Young
Leader International Scholar Lecture
Henry B. Gonzalez
Convention Center, Room 201B
Light Metals Division
Grand Hyatt Hotel, Texas Ballroom C
Special Plenary: Innovation in
Materials & Manufacturing
2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Henry B. Gonzalez
Convention Center, Lila Cockrell Theatre
Vittorio de Nora Prize
for Environmental Improvements in Metallurgical Industries Lecture
Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center, Room 006C
Shri Ram Arora Award Lecture
Henry B. Gonzalez Convention
Center, Room 214C
Young Professional Happy Hour Reception
p.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Grand Hyatt Hotel, Presidio B