Thin Films and Interfaces Committee

Technical Programming

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Frontiers in Advanced Functional Thin Films and Nanostructured Materials : Organized by Ritesh Sachan; Srinivasa Rao Singamaneni; Haiyan Wang; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Raj Singh; Amit Pandey

This conference plans to bring together scientists and engineers who focus on advances in synthesis and processing, atomic-scale characterization, structure-property correlations and modeling of novel nanostructured materials. The scope of the conference includes zero dimensional (such as nanodots), one-dimensional (nanotubes and nanowires), two-dimensional (thin films) and three-dimensional (bulk) nanostructures. Integration of novel functional materials on practical substrates such as silicon and sapphire through the paradigm of domain matching epitaxy plays a critical role in creating multifunctional materials for next-generation systems and will be included as one of the important area of interest in the proposed symposium. The symposium highlights the science of the pulsed laser deposition and laser processing techniques, role of interfaces and defects for fabricating such novel materials, thin film heterostructures. It also focus on the recent discoveries of pulsed laser annealing induced formation of non-equilibrium nanostructures (e.g. Q-carbon, Q-BN and doped nanodiamonds). We cover the synthesis engineering of large area coverage of pure and doped quenched C and c-BN structures, nano- and microdiamonds (including NV diamonds) through pulsed laser processing which stands to revolutionize superhard coatings, high-temperature and high-power electronics, and biomedical applications. Topics include: - Non-equilibrium processes for the synthesis of novel nanostructures. - Structure-properties correlations in thin film heterostructures. - Atomic scale characterization of 0-D, 1-D, 2-D and 3-D nanostructures with novel functional properties. - Pulsed laser deposition and laser processing of novel materials and thin film structures. - Role of defects and interfaces in properties manipulations in nanostructures. - Coatings and surface modifications for high-temperature and high-power electronics and biomedical applications. - Q-carbon, Q-BN, Q-BN, nano- and microdiamonds

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recent Advances in Functional Materials for Printed, Flexible and Wearable Electronics: Organized by Pooran Joshi; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Jud Ready; Amit Pandey; Suresh Sitaraman

Additive manufacturing and printed electronics technologies employing metal, dielectric, polymer, and ceramic materials have the potential to enable new products and markets. Advanced additive manufacturing and direct-write techniques in combination with rapidly expanding material and device sets and their application range have the potential to meet the cost and performance demands of future manufacturing technologies. The proposed symposium will focus on the emerging additive manufacturing concepts and techniques for the processing of 2D/3D structures and integration of functional electronic components and devices on engineered geometries. Topics related to functional materials, low-temperature processing, large area manufacturing, and electronic applications are within the scope of this symposium. Invited and contributed papers will discuss both the fundamental aspects underlying certain applications and the particular challenges regarding technology, fabrication processes, and reliability. Research fields of interests are related but not necessarily limited to the following topics: - Nanomaterials, inks, and substrates for 2D/3D additive manufacturing - Additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D structures and geometries - Printed electronics: materials, processes, and fabrication and characterization techniques - Low thermal budget integration of functional inks and 2D/3D materials - Multifunctional printed electronic devices: sensors, detectors, TFTs, antennas, PVs, batteries - Hybrid electronics: merging printed electronics and additive manufacturing

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recent Developments in Biological, Structural and Functional Thin Films & Coatings: Organized by Adele Carrad�; Nancy Michael; Ramana Chintalapalle; Heinz Palkowski; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Vikas Tomar; Gerald Ferblantier

Functional thin films and coatings continue to be an innovative area in materials science & engineering. For example, novel thin films and coatings are being developed with unusual structural, abrasive, adaptive, bioactive, self-healing, and optical properties. The objective of this symposium is to provide a forum to identify critical problems, stimulate new ideas, provide promising solutions, as well as discuss fundamental and applied topics. The specific areas of interest include but are not limited to: - methods for development of novel thin films and coatings - functional thin films and coatings for structural, biological, electrical, optical and other applications - characterization of thin films and coatings for applications in aerospace, defense, energy and transportation - novel approaches to prevent corrosion and wear - novel methods for self-healing, self-assembly, and self-repair - innovative biosensors and bioelectronics - bioenabled electronic and energy systems.

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Thermal and Mechanical Stability of Nanocrystalline Materials: Organized by Jason Trelewicz; Daniel Bufford; Fadi Abdeljawad; Jessica Krogstad; Christian Brandl

Nanocrystalline materials exhibit a wide range of desirable properties arising from the high density of internal interfaces. However, the energetic penalty associated with those very interfaces often drives rapid grain boundary migration and grain coarsening, which results in a degradation of the material properties. A great deal of recent work has focused on understanding the fundamental aspects of grain boundary stability by linking the local chemistry and structure of grain boundaries to their behaviors under such conditions as elevated temperatures and mechanical loading. A fundamental understanding of interface stabilization and its implications for technologically relevant properties will ultimately inform engineering strategies to design high-performance nanostructured materials. This symposium aims to discuss interface-driven physics that govern nanostructure stability including both thermodynamic and kinetic effects in nanocrystalline materials. Talks are solicited that cover fundamental and applied aspects of nanostructure design and stability from the nano to macroscales, and across experimental, theoretical, and computational modeling disciplines. Also of interest for this symposium are presentations on non-equilibrium processing, thermal and mechanical stability, and technological applications of nanostructured materials. Topics of interest include, but are not necessarily limited to: - Influences of grain boundary character and local chemistry on grain boundary mobility - Formation of grain boundary complexions and their thermal/mechanical stability - Investigations of grain boundary structure-property relationships - Thermodynamic modeling of nanostructure stability - Synergistic thermodynamic and kinetic effects in stabilizing nanomaterials - Processing and applications of stabilized nanostructured materials - Thermal stability studies for extreme environment applications - Mechanically coupled grain boundary migration and coarsening - Radiation-induced coarsening

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Thermo-mechanical Response of Materials with Special Emphasis on In-situ Techniques: Organized by Amit Pandey; Sanjit Bhowmick; Jeff Wheeler; Mar�a Teresa P�rez Prado; Dongchan Jang; Robert Wheeler; Josh Kacher

The focus of this symposium is to discuss current research and key developments in techniques and experimental methods to measure thermo-mechanical properties of materials in-situ and ex-situ in application-orientated environments. These environments may include, but are not limited to high temperature, cryogenic temperature, electrical and magnetic field, gas, radiation, chemical, pressure extremes, and humidity. In situ mechanical testing using SEM, TEM, AFM, Raman, synchrotron, X-ray, IR, and FTIR observation techniques during testing are becoming increasingly popular for studying mechanical behavior of materials. Many such techniques have been developed to probe material response to stimuli across nano- to macro-length scales. The intent of the symposium is to provide a forum for researchers from national laboratories, academia, and industry to discuss research progress in the area of in operando and/or in-situ mechanical testing for nanomechanical studies, and to accelerate the development and acceptance of innovative materials and testing techniques. Topics include: 1. Development of instruments and experimental methodology for in-situ techniques and/or testing at non-ambient conditions. 2. Mechanics of deformation of high-temperature materials, high-strength materials, thin films, 1D, 2D, and other low-dimension nanostructures, and interfaces. 3. Imaging and analytical techniques to correlate microstructure, defects, crystal orientation, and strain field with mechanical properties. 4. Microstructural observations using in situ techniques across length scales.

2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Advanced Thermo-mechanical Characterization of Materials with Special Emphasis on In Situ Techniques: Organized by Amit Pandey; Sanjit Bhowmick; Jeff Wheeler; Mar�a Teresa P�rez Prado; Robert Wheeler; Josh Kacher

The focus of this symposium is to discuss current research and key developments in techniques and experimental methods to measure thermo-mechanical properties of materials in situ and ex situ in application-orientated environments. These environments may include, but not limited to high temperature, cryogenic temperature, electrical and magnetic field, gas, radiation, chemical, pressure extremes, and humidity. In situ mechanical testing techniques using SEM, TEM, AFM, Raman, synchrotron, X-ray, IR, and FTIR are becoming increasingly popular for studying mechanical behavior of materials. Many such techniques have been developed to probe material response to stimuli across nano- to macro-length scales. The intent of the symposium is to provide a forum for researchers from national laboratories, academia, and industry to discuss research progress in the area of in operando and/or in-situ mechanical testing for nanomechanical studies, and to accelerate the development and acceptance of innovative materials and testing techniques. Topics include: Development of instruments and experimental methodology for in situ techniques and/or testing at non-ambient conditions. Mechanics of deformation of high-temperature materials, high-strength materials, thin films, 1D, 2D, and other low-dimension nanostructures, and interfaces. Imaging and analytical techniques to correlate microstructure, defects, crystal orientation, and strain field with mechanical properties. Microstructural observations using in situ techniques across length scales.

2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Deformation and Transitions at Interfaces : Organized by Saryu Fensin; Thomas Bieler; Rozaliya Barabash; Shen Dillon; Jian Luo; Doug Spearot

It is well established that interfaces (both single and bi-metal) can act as sources and sinks for both point and planar defects such as dislocations and twins and as such can play an important role in determining the overall mechanical response of a material. In general, due to differences in elastic properties and deformation response of specific interfaces with respect to an externally applied stress, deformation at the microstructural scale is heterogeneous.. This can lead to differences in strain accumulation, cause structural changes and transformations within the interface, and generate additional gradients in neighboring grains. Due to these effects, the local stress and strain tensors can differ significantly from globally imposed stress states. This symposium will examine how heterogeneous strains and transformations originating from interfaces can be characterized, analyzed, modeled, and used to account for and ultimately predict continuum scale properties, involving all aspects of material production and service, from initial solidification or consolidation to crack or void nucleation, and the processes by which damage coalescence becomes large enough to be modeled with continuum modeling strategies. Topics anticipated include, but are not limited to: • Characterization of heterogeneous strains due to grain or phase boundaries • Atomistic modeling of deformation that includes grain or phase boundaries • Boundaries as dislocation or partial dislocation sources and sinks • Slip transfer/slip penetration and deformation details at interfaces • Meso-scale modeling of ensembles of grains • Crystal plasticity and/or transformation modeling • Damage and crack nucleation at grain or phase boundaries • Influence of grain boundary structure or character on microstructure evolution • Concurrent dislocation generation and recovery processes at grain boundaries • Influence of grain boundary precipitates on plasticity and phase transformations • Coupling between the local grain boundary structure and other properties of materials • The composition, structure, stability and transition of grain boundary complexion (a.k.a., 2-D interfacial “phase”) • Influence of alloy or impurity atoms on localized boundary deformation • Formation of boundaries during deformation such as cell-wall structure, GNBs, IDBs, cell-block boundaries, etc.

2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Frontiers in Materials Science, Engineering, and Technology: An FMD Symposium in Honor of Sungho Jin: Organized by Fay Hua; Tae-Kyu Lee; Young-Ho Kim; Roger Narayan; Choong-un Kim; Nuggehalli Ravindra

This symposium honors Professor Sungho Jin, Winner of the 2016 Acta Materialia Gold Medal Award. It will address Frontiers in Materials Science, Engineering, Technology and Beyond, including recent advancements in electronic, magnetic, optical, superconducting materials, devices and structures, electronic packaging, and MEMS materials and devices, nano-bio materials, and energy related materials. This special symposium is dedicated to the seminal research contributions of Dr. Sungho Jin, to his leadership in materials science worldwide through various professional societies and the University of California – San Diego. Professor Jin is the Professor Emeritus in the University of California – San Diego. Prior to his recent retirement, he was Distinguished Professor of Materials Science in the Departments of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at UCSD and held Iwama Endowed Chair. He also served as the Director of the university-wide Materials Science & Engineering Program at UCSD for the past 13 years.

2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recent Developments in Biological, Structural and Functional Thin Films and Coatings: Organized by Adele Carrad�; Nancy Michael; Ramana Chintalapalle; Heinz Palkowski; Vikas Tomar; Nuggehalli Ravindra

Functional thin films and coatings continue to be an innovative area in materials science & engineering. For example, novel thin films and coatings are being developed with unusual structural, abrasive, adaptive, bioactive, self-healing, and optical properties. The objective of this symposium is to provide a forum to identify critical problems, stimulate new ideas, provide promising solutions, as well as discuss fundamental and applied topics. The specific areas of interest include but are not limited to: - development of novel thin film and coating methods - functional thin films and coatings for structural, biological, electrical, optical and other applications - characterization of thin films and coatings for aerospace, defense, energy and transportation applications - novel approaches to prevent corrosion and wear - novel methods for self-healing, self-assembly, and self-repair - innovative biosensors and bioelectronics - bioenabled electronic and energy systems

2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Interface-driven Phenomena in Solids: Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Chemistry: Organized by Fadi Abdeljawad; Stephen Foiles; Timofey Frolov; Emine Gulsoy; Heather Murdoch; Mitra Taheri

The key to the future development of increasingly complex materials systems in the solid state is a detailed understanding of interfaces. In particular, the significance of internal (grain and phase) boundaries as well as free surfaces becomes more dominant in technological applications where a reduction of system size or scale of microstructure is desired to optimize properties. The scope of this symposium is to bring together researchers across a wide range of disciplines including theoretical, experimental, modeling and characterization in order to communicate recent developments pertaining to interface-dominated processes in solids and discuss the future of the field. Topics for this symposium include, but are not limited to * Thermodynamics and chemistry, i.e., segregation, adsorption, phase transformation, energies. * Kinetics; morphological and re-construction processes, such as grain growth, coarsening, faceting, etc. * Local interface structure (structure-property relationships) This symposium seeks to understand, characterize and predict the above processes with the aid of the following tools * Experimental assessment and observation of interface evolution in response to various external stimuli (thermal, stress, electrochemistry, etc.) * Atomic-scale calculations of local interface structure and associated properties (energy, mobility, etc.) * Mesoscale modeling and computational thermodynamics of processes driven by interfaces. * Characterization techniques to probe interfacial properties (atomic structure, chemical composition, etc.) and their relation to material properties at the macroscale. * Development of processing techniques to obtain and control experimental production of desired interfaces (grain boundary engineering, deformation twinning, etc.)

2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recent Advancement on Stretchable and Wearable Electronics: Organized by Pooran Joshi; Amit Pandey; Jiahua Zhu; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Catherine Dubourdieu; Madan Dubey

Additive manufacturing and printed electronics technologies employing metal, dielectric, polymer, and ceramic materials have the potential to enable new products and markets. Advanced additive manufacturing and direct-write techniques in combination with rapidly expanding material and device sets and their application range have the potential to meet the cost and performance demands of future manufacturing technologies. The proposed symposium will focus on the emerging additive manufacturing concepts and techniques for the processing of 2D/3D structures and integration of functional electronic components and devices on engineered geometries. Additive manufacturing technology in combination with printed electronics has the potential to define path towards hybrid technology integration of sensors and electronics on engineered 3D geometries. Invited and contributed papers will discuss both the fundamental aspects underlying certain applications and the particular challenges regarding technology, fabrication processes, and reliability. Research fields of interests are related but not necessarily limited to the following topics: - Nanomaterials for 2D/3D additive manufacturing - Additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D structures and geometries - Printed electronics: materials, processes, and fabrication and characterization techniques - Low thermal budget integration of functional inks and 2D/3D materials - Multifunctional flexible and printed electronic devices: sensors, detectors, TFTs, antennas, batteries - Hybrid electronics: merging printed electronics and additive manufacturing

2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recent Developments in Biological, Structural and Functional Thin Films and Coatings: Organized by Nancy Michael; Adele Carrad�; Heinz Palkowski; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Chintalapalle Ramana

Functional thin films and coatings continue to be an innovative area in materials science & engineering. For example, novel thin films and coatings are being developed with unusual structural, abrasive, adaptive, bioactive, self-healing, and optical properties. The objective of this symposium is to provide a forum to identify critical problems, stimulate new ideas, provide promising solutions, as well as discuss fundamental and applied topics. The specific areas of interest include but are not limited to: - development of novel thin film and coating methods - functional thin films and coatings for structural, biological, electrical, optical and other applications - characterization of thin films and coatings for aerospace, defense, energy and transportation applications - novel approaches to prevent corrosion and wear - novel methods for self-healing, self-assembly, and self-repair - innovative biosensors and bioelectronics - bioenabled electronic and energy systems

2015 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Advances in Thin Films for Electronics and Photonics: Organized by Federico Rosei; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Amit Pandey; Terry Alford

In the past few years, significant progress has been reported on the synthesis as well as on the structural, physical and chemical characterization of self-organized thin films, including for example III/V semiconductors, metal oxides and novel glass based materials. Such materials are being increasingly studied for applications in electronics and photonics. When grown in nanostructured form (with sizes in the range of 1-100 nm), these systems exhibit size-dependent properties. These advanced materials systems are leading to fundamental new discoveries as well as applications in Photovoltaics, Optical sources, Electroceramics, Multi-ferroic materials, Catalysis and Solar Hydrogen. This symposium focuses on the synthesis, structural and functional characterization of self-organized materials thin films and nanostructures for applications in electronics and photonics, with particular consideration given to the capability to tailor and control material properties via structural modifications. In addition, we will also consider new nanotechnology tools and technological procedures used for the development of functional devices that integrate bottom-up and top-down technologies. Proposed Session Topics include the following: - Multi-functional materials - Thin Films and Nanostructured materials for photonics, including laser sources, nonlinear optics, photovoltaics and solar fuels - Thin Films and Nanostructured materials for electronics, including sensing

2015 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recent Developments in Biological, Structural and Functional Thin Films and Coatings: Organized by Adele Carrad�; Heinz Palkowski; Roger Narayan; Nuggehalli Ravindra; Nancy Michael

Functional thin films and coatings continue to be an innovative area in materials science & engineering. For example, novel thin films and coatings are being developed with unusual structural, abrasive, adaptive, bioactive, self-healing, and optical properties. The objective of this symposium is to provide a forum to identify critical problems, stimulate new ideas, provide promising solutions, as well as discuss fundamental and applied topics. The specific areas of interest include but are not limited to: - development of novel thin film and coating methods - functional thin films and coatings for structural, biological, electrical, optical and other applications - characterization of thin films and coatings for aerospace, defense, energy and transportation applications - novel approaches to prevent corrosion and wear - novel methods for self-healing, self-assembly, and self-repair - innovative biosensors and bioelectronics (joint session with the Biological Materials Science symposium) - bioenabled electronic and energy systems (joint session with the Biological Materials Science symposium)