Monday, February 28, 2022
2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Anaheim Convention Center, Room 204B
TMS Additive Manufacturing Committee
Camille Fleuriault, co-lead, Eramet Norway; Mertol Gökelma, co-lead, Izmir Institute of Technology; Elsa Olivetti, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Christina Meskers, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
The plenary session of the REWAS 2022 symposium will feature the following invited speakers. REWAS 2022 focuses on Developing Tomorrow’s Technical Cycles.
This in-person session at TMS2022 will also be livestreamed for virtual attendees to view in real-time.
Diran Apelian, University of California, Irvine
Presentation Title: "Life Cycle of Materials – A Personal Journey"
About the Presentation
This is a personal story that I would like to share at this symposium that is being held in my honor. For decades, our focus has been on the discovery of new materials and seeking ways to improve properties and performance; and yet in comparison to the collective efforts of the MSE community, little effort is placed in the recovery and reuse of materials. During 2003, the “journey” for me started when I was preparing to deliver the Distinguished Lecture on Materials and Society (TMS-ASM). The grandest challenge of the 21st century is to sustain the development we are experiencing across the globe. Materials and their use have grown rapidly in the last three decades, and we are now using most of the elements of the periodic table, and some of these elements are near critical, if not critical, in terms of supply. This presentation will focus on the role of education, innovation, and, most importantly, policy.
About the Presenter
Diran Apelian is distinguished professor of materials science and engineering at the University of California, Irvine (UCI), and director of the Advanced Casting Research Center at UCI. He is also provost emeritus and founding director of the Metal Processing Institute at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), in Worcester, Massachusetts.
He received his B.S. degree in metallurgical engineering from Drexel University in 1968 and his doctorate in materials science and engineering from MIT in 1972.
He is credited with pioneering work in various areas of solidification processing, metal processing, powder metallurgy and digital manufacturing. In addition, he has contributed to the establishment of research in resource recovery, reuse, and recycling. He is the founding editor of the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy. Apelian is the recipient of many distinguished honors and awards, both national and international; he has over 700 publications to his credit and 21 patents; and he serves on several technical, corporate, and editorial boards. With his colleagues and students, he has founded six companies: Materials Strategies, Battery Resourcers, Melt Cognition, Kinetic Batteries, Solvus Ventures, and Solvus Global.
He served as the 2008 TMS President and as chair of the ASM Educational Foundation Board of Trustees (2016-2018). Apelian is a fellow of TMS, ASM, and APMI International; he is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), National Academy of Inventors (NAI), the European Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Armenian Academy of Sciences. He was recognized as WPI Innovator of the Year in 2018, and as UCI’s Innovator of the Year in 2020.
Joe Cresko, Advanced Manufacturing Office, U.S. Department of Energy
Presentation Title: "The Intersection of Sustainable Manufacturing and Industrial Decarbonization"
About the Presentation
In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the importance of industrial decarbonization, but decarbonizing the industrial sector is challenging. The U.S. industrial sector is considered a “difficult-to-decarbonize” sector of the energy economy, due in part to the diversity of energy inputs into a wide array of heterogeneous industrial processes and operations. The industrial sector accounts for 32% of the nation’s primary energy use and 28% of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, with refining, chemicals, iron and steel, cement, and food products representing the top energy-consuming sectors. Anticipated product demand growth of 30% by 2050 with an associated increase in greenhouse gas emissions of 15% will require more than marginal improvements in carbon intensity. Achieving a low-carbon industrial sector in the United States will face a number of structural and technical challenges. The sheer magnitude of materials transformations—from extraction to intermediate and final products—will require a wide range of technology solutions that will have a ripple effect across a variety of industries and their increasingly complex supply chains. Despite these challenges to industrial decarbonization, innovative technologies and more sustainable manufacturing approaches can reduce absolute emissions while allowing for growth and increasing productivity. This talk highlights pathways for energy efficiency; industrial electrification; low-carbon fuels, feedstocks, and energy sources; and carbon capture and utilization to lead to a more sustainable, low-carbon industrial sector.
About the Presenter
Joe Cresko is the chief engineer and strategic analysis lead in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), where he leads efforts to assess the life cycle and cross-sector impacts of advanced manufacturing technologies. He has also served at DOE as a Science & Technology Policy Fellow supporting the office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, as well as the Office of Policy & International Affairs—bringing to DOE more than 30 years of experience helping manufacturers to improve their energy and environmental footprints.
Prior to joining DOE, Cresko was the director of the Emerging Technology Applications Center in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He has subject matter expertise in the application of electrotechnologies for materials processing and manufacturing innovations, including the use of microwave, radio-frequency, induction, UV and electron beam technologies for industries including aerospace, ceramics, polymer, composites, foundry and food manufacturing.
Frederic Clerc, Urban Future Lab, and Anastasios Perimenis, CO2 Value Europe
Presentation Title: "EU and NA Perspectives on the Potential of Carbon Utilization: Business, Technology and Policy Landscape"
About the Presentation
CO2 Value Europe (the European think-and-do-tank dedicated to carbon capture and utilization) and the Carbon to Value Initiative (a three-year multi-stakeholder program supporting carbontech innovation through accelerating partnerships between corporates and startups) will share global perspectives on the potential for Carbon Capture, Usage and Storage (CCUS) technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while creating new business opportunities. This session will cover the scientific basis of CCUS as a climate solution, including some clarifications around terminology. The European context for CCU will be discussed, with a focus on projects, funding opportunities and policies. Other drivers for CCUS adoption will also be discussed, in particular from a market and business perspective, as well as the main barriers to CCUS business models. Finally, examples of innovative CCUS startups that could fit with large Minerals, Metals and Materials companies will be provided, alongside with key success factors to partner with startups.
About the Presenters
Frederic Clerc, currently leads the Carbon to Value Initiative at the Urban Future Lab, a multi-year, multi-stakeholders program focused on building the carbontech ecosystem, in partnership with Greentown Labs and Fraunhofer USA. Clerc has more than 12 years of experience in strategy, innovation, and cleantech commercialization. In his past role with EnVertis, he worked with multinational corporations and governments to identify and evaluate low-carbon business models and technology opportunities, from pilot to commercial scale across various industries including forest-products, agriculture, chemicals, and oil and gas in Canada, the United States, Brazil, and Europe. He collaborated with hundreds of technology developers and startups developing innovative processes to convert renewable and waste carbon into fuels, chemicals, and materials. Prior to that, Clerc managed large corporate transformation programs with BearingPoint, a leading European business and technology consultancy. He started his career with Assima, an innovative growth-stage software startup.
Being passionate about climate change, Clerc also co-founded a non-profit called Climatable, which, as Canada's national lead, hosted ClimateLaunchpad, the world's largest green business idea competition. He more recently joined the MIT Clean Energy Prize and Cleantech Open as a mentor. Clerc holds a Masters of Engineering in Energy and Sustainable Development from the Chemical Engineering department at Polytechnique Montreal, Canada (2016), as well as a graduate engineer degree from the National Institute of Applied Science in Rennes, France (2005).
Anastasios Perimenis (secretary general) holds a chemical engineering degree from National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece, an M.Sc. in environmental engineering from Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Germany and a Ph.D. in bioengineering from University Catholique of Louvain (UCL), Belgium. Over the last ten years, Perimenis has conducted fundamental and applied research in Germany (German Biomass Research Center) and Belgium (UCL) in a series of subjects linked to the development of a sustainable low-carbon economy (e.g. biorefinery development, waste valorization). Perimenis continued as responsible for European and international funding at the EU Liaison Office of ULB, Belgium. He joined CO2 Value Europe in September 2019 and is leading its Secretariat overseeing all its activities for the development of the European Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) industry.
Takashi Nakamura, Tohoku Universitye
Presentation Title: "Actions of the Copper Industry towards Future Carbon Neutral Society”
About the Presentation
The copper industry makes a strong effort to achieve sustainable developments. The supply of copper as a raw material in electrical/electronic society is essential. On the other hand, copper resources are limited, and its production requires a large amount of energy, especially in the field of ore processing. Then, major end product manufacturers demand a carbon footprint of copper material, especially recycled copper. It is doubtful that the life-cycle assessment (LCA) evaluation has been done at only the time of manufacturing recycled copper alloys. All metal materials cannot be recycled without primary metal. If the amount of copper alloy to be used can be covered by recycled copper, the LCA evaluation of the recycling process will be sufficient. However, it is an unrealistic situation considering the recent growth in copper consumption. Therefore, I would like to propose an integrated LCA evaluation that includes copper ore extraction, smelting, and recycling processes in this presentation.
About the Presenter
Takashi Nakamura is professor emeritus, Tohoku University. Nakamura finished his Ph.D course in 1977 at Kyushu University, school of engineering, then moved to Kyushu Institute of Technology and became a full professor in 1991. He moved to Tohoku University in 1998 as a professor, Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials.
He worked as a project professor at The University of Tokyo after he retired from Tohoku University, from April 2018 to May 2020. He is a senior managing director at Fukuoka Research Commercialization Center for Recycling Systems.
His research fields are wide, ranging from extractive metallurgy to environmental science, especially metal recycling. He has published more than 200 scientific papers. He was president of the Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan in 2011-2012, and he was a member of the Science Council of Japan from 2013 to 2019.