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Topic Title: REPORT: Successful Surface Treatments for Reducing Instabilities in Advanced Nickel-Base Superalloys for Turbine Blades
Topic Summary: Locci et. al., NASA Glenn Research Center, 2004
Created On: 2/10/2007 7:41 AM

 2/10/2007 7:41 AM

Lynette Karabin

Posts: 238
Joined: 2/5/2007

An optimized carburization treatment has been developed to mitigate instabilities that form in the microstructures of advanced turbine airfoil materials. Current turbine airfoils consist of a single crystal superalloy base that provides the mechanical performance of the airfoil, a thermal barrier coating (TBC) that reduces the temperature of the base superalloy, and a bondcoat between the superalloy and the TBC, that improves the oxidation and corrosion resistance of the base superalloy and the spallation resistance of the TBC. Advanced nickel-base superalloys containing high levels of refractory metals have been observed to develop an instability called secondary reaction zone (SRZ), which can form beneath diffusion aluminide bondcoats. This instability between the superalloy and the bondcoat has the potential of reducing the mechanical properties of thin-wall turbine airfoils. Controlled gas carburization treatments combined with a prior stress relief heat treatment and adequate surface preparation have been utilized effectively to minimize the formation of SRZ. These additional processing steps are employed before the aluminide bondcoat is deposited and are believed to change the local chemistry and local stresses of the surface of the superalloy. This paper presents the detailed processing steps used to reduce SRZ between platinum aluminide bondcoats and advanced single crystal superalloys.

SOURCE: Locci, Ivan E.; MacKay, Rebecca A.; Garg, Anita; Ritzert. Successful Surface Treatments for Reducing Instabilities in Advanced Nickel-Base Superalloys for Turbine Blades. NASA TM-2004-212920. NASA Glenn Research Center (March 2004.)


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