Presented in conjunction with the Low Cost Titanium symposium

WhenSaturday, March 2–Sunday, March 3, 2013
Sponsored ByTMS Structural Materials Division
InstructorF.H . (Sam) Froes, University of Idaho (Retired)


Course Registration Fees* (Advance Rates Valid through February 1, 2013)

Advance Member: $725
Advance Nonmember: $775
Late/onsite Member: $775
Late/onsite Nonmember: $825
* Registration fee includes continental breakfasts, lunches, morning and afternoon coffee breaks, and course notes.


This presentation will cover all aspects of the History, Physical Metallurgy, Corrosion Behavior, Cost Factors, and Current and Potential Uses of Titanium. The history of this metal will be traced from its early beginnings through the work of Kroll (the father of the Titanium Industry) to the early aerospace uses and non-aerospace applications to the maturing of the industry and the present -day broadening market place. Extraction will be discussed, including recent non-Kroll developments (including electrolytic and continuous processes which can potentially significantly lower the cost of extraction). Typical phase diagrams will be presented and discussed. Powder Metallurgy will be presented under various categories (including Elemental Press-and Sinter, Prealloyed Hot Isostatic Pressing, Metal Injection Molding, Spraying, and Additive Layer Fabrication). Primary break-down of ingot material will be rationalized and fabrication to final products will be defined. Various Microstructures and resultant Mechanical Properties will be discussed (with details given of how properties such as fracture toughness can be optimized).

The excellent Corrosion Behavior of Titanium, especially in oxidizing environments, will be presented. The Cost of Titanium at various stages in its processing (both by conventional Ingot Metallurgy approaches and Powder Metallurgy techniques) will be discussed with comments given where there are opportunities for cost reductions to be implemented. Finally the Applications of Titanium both present and potential will be presented both in the aerospace (both engines and airframes) and non-aerospace industries (including use in industries such as automobiles, medical implants and surgical instruments, oil and gas exploration, chemical processing, consumer products, and architecture) will be documented , with an emphasis on how cost reduction can lead to a greatly expanded marketplace (especially in cost-conscious industries such as the automobile industry).


The course is designed to be of benefit to anyone who is, or is going to be, involved in any aspect of the Science, Technology, or Applications of Titanium and its Alloys including Research, Development, or Sales/Marketing.


Dr. Froes has been involved in the Titanium field for more than 40 years. He was employed by a primary Titanium producer—Crucible Steel Company—where he was leader of the Titanium group. He then spent time at the USAF Materials Lab where he was supervisor of the Light Metals group (which included Titanium). This was followed by 17 years at the University of Idaho where he was a Director and Department Head of the Materials Science and Engineering Department. He has over 8oo publications, in excess of 60 patents, and has edited almost 30 books—the majority on various aspects of Titanium. In recent years he has co-sponsored four TMS Symposia on Cost Effective Titanium. He is a Fellow of ASM, is a member of the Russian Academy of Science, and was awarded the Service to Powder Metallurgy by the Metal Powder Association.