Recycling and Environmental Technologies Committee

Technical Programming

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recycling and Sustainability in Cast Shop Technology: Joint Session with REWAS 2022: Organized by Mertol G�kelma; Stephen Instone

A joint REWAS-LMD symposium on Recycling & Sustainability will be organized as a joint session with Cast Shop Technology. The usage of light metals in the aerospace and automotive industries has been rising due to their outstanding properties. The importance of recycling and sustainable metal casting has risen in the last decades dramatically due to the increasing demand on primary resources and environmental concerns. Innovative and more efficient recycling technologies are needed for complex scraps to increase the recycled metal portion in the total metal production. This joint session within the Cast Shop Technology explores economic and environmental impacts of recycling, recyclability of complex scraps, pre-treatment of scraps, new recycling processes and life cycle assessment. Note regarding publication: Authors seeking an oral presentation opportunity must submit a manuscript. Papers submitted to the joint REWAS-Recycling and Sustainability session will be published in the Light Metals proceedings and referenced in the REWAS proceedings.

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2022: Recovering the Unrecoverable�: Organized by Mertol G�kelma; Elsa Olivetti; Camille Fleuriault; John Howarter; Takanari Ouchi; Gisele Azimi

With the diversification of engineered materials and depletion of�high grade�ores come complexification of recovery processes. This symposium, co-organized with the Hydrometallurgy and Electrometallurgy Commitee, continues a key symposium track in the REWAS conference series. It covers advances in recycling technologies for the valorization of complex man-made materials/ products, as well as recent developments in clean technologies for extraction and recovery of metals from challenging secondary and byproduct sources. In particular, this symposium will cover physical and chemical (metallurgical) processes for: - Energy capture and storage components (batteries, solar, wind�turbines..)� - Electronic waste and complex scrap (rare earth magnets, PCB, multi-stream shredded residues, cables)� - Industrial by-products and processing residues (fly ash and process dust, low grade slags, muds and sludge)�

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2022: Sustainable Production and Development Perspectives�: Organized by Mertol G�kelma; Mingming Zhang; Elsa Olivetti; Gerardo Alvear; Camille Fleuriault

In a context of deep economic and societal changes, new bridges have appeared between scientific fields. In addition, the sustainability of materials is directly coupled to the sustainable development of emerging economies and how we envision the urban ecosystems of the future. This topic is welcoming studies illustrating on recent advances in the field of metallurgy applied to metal valorization contained in primary and secondary resources and to the development of technologies aiming at reducing effluent production and effluent impact on environment. Recent studies on societal and environmental impacts of metallurgy, economics of processes, life cycle assessment, industrial ecology, the development of a global circular economy and how these concepts fit within the UN’s Sustainable development goals are also of interest for this symposium.� The symposium will host the REWAS 2022 Plenary Session. Sessions will also include: - Biomanufacturing - Life cycle assessment in respect to governmental policies and strategies� - Responsible Supply Chains - Manufacturing for Disassembly

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2022:�Automation and Digitalization for Advanced Manufacturing: Organized by Elsa Olivetti; Alexandra Anderson; Mertol G�kelma; Camille Fleuriault

Over the last 20 years, the manufacturing landscape has been transformed by the growing take of digital sciences on the improvement of product and processes. Most innovative solutions for advanced materials production are being developed via automation,�computerization�and digitalization. In this symposium, the role of modelling and programming technologies in waste management, the reduction of environmental footprints and the optimization of industrial processes will be explored.�Session topics include: - Advanced Process Simulation and Visualization Techniques - Use of Artificial Intelligence for Improved Process Control & Optimization - Automation of Recycling Processes

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2022:�Decarbonizing the Materials Industry�: Organized by Camille Fleuriault; Christina Meskers; Mertol G�kelma; Elsa Olivetti; Jesse White; Chukwunwike Iloeje; Neale Neelameggham

This symposium covers decarbonization efforts across the primary and secondary industries via development of alternative, renewable energies and the optimization of fuel consumption for energy generation. Described concepts will refer to recent technologies or policies used for the purpose of reducing CO2 emissions. In particular,�hydrogen reduction, inert anode smelting and alternative sources of energy for production plants�are of interest. Beyond the technologies described, emphasis should be made on the metrics used for the quantification of carbon reduction.�� Session topics include: - Carbon Capture and Utilization, Carbon Capture and Storage�� - Alternative reduction and carburization sources� - Alternative energy sources in the manufacturing industry� - Decarbonization in the primary Al Production�

2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Design and Manufacturing Approaches for the Next Generation of Sustainable Materials: The 2021 Student-led Symposium: Organized by Mary Dougherty; Christopher Finfrock; Brady McBride; Jaden Zymbaluk; Desmond Mills; Casey Gilliams

Invitation Only - This symposium is only for those who have been invited by the symposium organizers to participate. The 21st century is an age of unprecedented opportunity in material science. Global policymakers have instituted milestones for the reduction of carbon emissions and refuse, with the goal of promoting a sustainable future. Material science has enabled significant advances toward these targets, including the development of fully electric vehicles, implementation of sustainable energy production and storage technology, and minimization of commercial and domestic waste streams. It is apparent that the entire lifecycle of a product, from material extraction to disposal, is as important as the utility the product offers during its lifespan. Presentations in this symposium will share innovative ideas for the design of products and processes that will enable a more sustainable future. Speakers will include professionals from industry who facilitate processing and product improvements, as well as scientists who are developing technologies for the next generation of manufacturing processes. Solicited topics will include: 1. Challenges in designing long-lasting and high-utility products with sustainable end-of-life plans 2. Design and manufacture of elegant and functional materials with tailored optical, electronic, magnetic, mechanical, or corrosion properties 3. Developments in the transition from single-use to multi-use products 4. Production of energy and goods using sustainable material acquisition practices that reduce carbon emissions and waste 5. New material design concepts that improve quality, performance, and durability of products. 6. Novel engineering and scientific approaches, such as: high-resolution microstructure characterization, computer aided modeling, and test techniques that fill the gap between laboratory experiments and industrially relevant processes.

2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recycling and Sustainability for Emerging Technologies and Strategic Materials: Organized by John Howarter; Mingming Zhang; Elsa Olivetti; Hong Peng

The supply challenges for many materials and minerals which enable new technologies has provided new opportunities in recycling of complex materials. Likewise, the recycling of more conventional materials can also face techno-economic barriers. This symposium is open to participants from both industry and academia in areas including recycling of e-waste, energy/battery materials, critical minerals, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, & process modeling of recycling. Papers providing perspective on both technical as well as policy-based challenges or broader materials science challenges toward sustainability are also welcome.

2020 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: PbZn 2020: The 9th International Symposium on Lead and Zinc Processing: Organized by Andreas Siegmund; Shafiq Alam; Joseph Grogan; Ulrich Kerney; Cheng Liu; Etsuro Shibata

The Lead – Zinc 2020 symposium builds on the successes of the original 1970 meeting, the subsequent conferences held in 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010, the Zinc – Lead symposia in Japan organized by MMIJ in 1995 and 2005, the Lead-Zinc conference in Germany by GDMB in 2015, as well as the Canadian Lead – Zinc conferences organized by MetSoc in 1998 and 2008. It will provide an international forum for the lead and zinc processing industries bringing together operators, engineers and researchers to exchange information about all aspects of current processing technologies for primary and secondary lead and zinc, as well as emerging technologies for both metals. The symposium scope extends from process fundamentals to operational practices, and also includes the important aspect of environmental issues. At the operations level, comprehensive reviews of the major applications of both metals are outlined. Emphasis will be placed on recent commercial developments with less energy intensive technologies which are in harmony with environmental conservation. At the research level, the emphasis is placed on the better understanding of existing technologies and the development of new processing concepts. Environmental concerns, associated with the processing of both metals, are considered along with acceptable treatment and handling of by-products, wastes and bleed streams by the industry. A highlight of the conference will be a series of plenary lectures by industry leaders. Various social events are scheduled, and these will allow informal discussions and networking among the delegates. After the symposium, industrial tours are planned to various North American lead and zinc processing operations. Topics to be discussed at the symposium include: * Global factors affecting the production of zinc and lead including the economic aspects of the industries, product development and marketing endeavors, and environmental and health issues, * Surveys of existing smelters and refineries for primary and secondary lead and zinc production, * Zinc production technology (roast-leach-electrowinning route including iron control, pyrometallurgical processes, ISP, slag fuming, Waelz furnace, TBRC and new technologies including direct concentrate leaching and smelting, pyrometallurgical refining and oxide ore processing), * Lead production technology (pyrometallurgical processes such as the ISP, blast furnace, QSL, KIVCET, SKS-RSKS and TSL, as well as pyrometallurgical refining, electrorefining, slag fuming and new processes), * Product applications and marketing (galvanization of steel, chemicals, ZnO, lead-acid batteries) and new product development, * Recycling technologies and product life cycle issues (e.g. electric arc furnace dust treatment and direct de-zincing, secondary lead processing), and * Fundamental research and basic studies related to new Pb and Zn processes and to the understanding and basic theories of Pb and Zn processing.

2020 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Recycling of Secondary, Byproduct Materials and Energy: Organized by Mingming Zhang; John Howarter; Elsa Olivetti; Alan Luo; Adam Powell; Ziqi Sun

There has been a significant mismatch between the technical needs for responsible treatment of secondary, byproduct materials and embodied energy of materials and the ability to achieve economically feasible and sustainable operations. These materials and their embodied energy are generally low value and can be quite complex due to the significant variation in properties leading to potential mismatch among complexity, regulations and available resources. This symposium will provide a forum for papers exploring the valorization of materials and their embodied energy including byproducts or coproducts from ferrous and nonferrous industries, batteries, electronics, and other complex secondary materials. Those papers providing perspective on both the technical as well as policy-based challenges are encouraged to submit.

2020 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Solar Cell Silicon: Organized by Shadia Ikhmayies; Neale Neelameggham

There is an expanding interest in silicon for solar energy and electronics. The past decade has seen an unsurpassed growth in the solar industry and despite the recession, growth has continued and costs have been cut dramatically along the production value chain. The most important feedstock for crystalline solar cells is high purity silicon. For the industry to mature and grow into green production, improvements in Si production, refining and crystallization processes, emission control and recycling needs to be carried out. Abstracts are being solicited for the following topics: - Silicon feedstock production (reduction of silica and silica ores, advances in furnace design and process intensification, novel techniques of silicon production, thermodynamic and kinetic modelling). - Silicon refining and behavior of impurities (all types of metallurgical upgrading approaches: solvent refining, slag refining, electrolysis/FCC Cambridge process, gas blowing/oxidation refining, plasma refining, vacuum refining, solidification techniques, optimization of the Siemens-like routes) - Advanced silicon separation and all types of wafering techniques, thin flexible silicon films, interaction of materials with silicon during the processes and novelties in ingot growth) - Life-cycle assessment of solar silicon processing - Recycling of solar silicon components, solar cells and electronic components - Characterization of silicon materials for solar cells

2019 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2019: Cast Shop Recycling Technologies: Organized by Mertol G�kelma; Elsa Olivetti; Gabrielle Gaustad

This joint session coordinated with the Cast Shop Technology session focuses on: Sustainable operation, Life cycle assessment, Recycling impact and awareness, Charge materials, Environmental issues, and industrial ecology. Other REWAS 2019 Symposia include: - Disruptive Material Manufacturing- Scaling and Systems Challenges - Secondary and Byproduct Sources of Materials and Minerals - Rethinking Production - Education and Workforce Development

2019 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2019: Disruptive Material Manufacturing - Scaling and Systems Challenges: Organized by Kaka Ma; Iver Anderson; Sneha Prabha Narra; Fiseha Tesfaye; Elsa Olivetti; Gabrielle Gaustad

The landscape of material manufacturing has the potential for dramatic change as new design techniques (e.g. material genome) and new technologies (e.g. additive manufacturing) begin to scale to industrial production levels. As additive manufacturing reduces the needs for machining compared to conventional manufacturing, has the environmental impact of additive manufacturing been fully evaluated? How will the production of suitable feedstock for AM affect the environment? How will new technologies be scaled efficiently? How will disruptive technologies change the landscape of producing materials? What is the circularity potential for inputs and outputs of these new production routes? How can these systems be optimized? How does the massive scale-up of clean energy technologies affect process flow sheets and recycling (i.e. significant materials demand increases and the need to match the subsequent recycling processes/infrastructure). Other REWAS 2019 Symposia include: - Secondary and Byproduct Sources of Materials and Minerals - Rethinking Production - Cast Shop Recycling Technologies - Education and Workforce Development Proceedings note: There will be opportunities to submit to the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy for in-scope submissions (Lead: Dr. Julie Schoenung, UC Irvine).

2019 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2019: Education and Workforce Development: Organized by Adam Powell; Christina Meskers; Elsa Olivetti; Gabrielle Gaustad

Integrating sustainability work in the traditional disciplinary degree curriculum is important to advancing the field and training the next generation of material scientists. Also, transitioning knowledge from the research and academic sectors into applied work is critical to realizing sustainability. Papers here are encouraged in novel educational approaches like blended learning, flipped classrooms, MOOCs, etc. as well as approaches for integrating sustainability into traditional disciplinary curriculums like material science. Technology transition, applied learning, and workforce development initiatives will also be highlighted. Other REWAS 2019 Symposia include: - Disruptive Material Manufacturing- Scaling and Systems Challenges - Secondary and Byproduct Sources of Materials and Minerals - Rethinking Production - Cast Shop Recycling Technologies

2019 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2019: Rethinking Production: Organized by John Howarter; Mingming Zhang; Gabrielle Gaustad; Elsa Olivetti

There are additional sustainability benefits with high potential in the production sector. How do we decrease emissions and effluents in production? How can we achieve sustainable process design? How will clean energy technologies be manufactured? How do we measure and quantify embodied energy (how do existing methods fall short and how do we align internationally)? How can we enable cost-effective and efficient collection and reprocessing of wastes? What are technologies and strategies for managing mixed materials. How can trace, tramp, and other unwanted contaminants be removed from secondary streams? What are opportunities for direct use of end of life products to make new products with minimal or no reprocessing? How to reach near zero waste production? Other REWAS 2019 Symposia include: - Disruptive Material Manufacturing- Scaling and Systems Challenges - Secondary and Byproduct Sources of Materials and Minerals - Cast Shop Recycling Technologies - Education and Workforce Development

2019 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2019: Secondary and Byproduct Sources of Materials, Minerals, and Metals: Organized by Gabrielle Gaustad; Camille Fleuriault; Neale Neelameggham; Elsa Olivetti

As scarcity and criticality concerns grow, attention has turned to alternative sources of important materials, metals, and minerals. Circular economy techniques, industrial symbiosis, and urban mining are sustainability strategies for obtaining these materials from industrial byproducts, end of life wastes, and other secondary sources. Which new extraction technologies will be needed to enable this material recovery? What are the latest developments made to the existing processes? What are the economic and environmental impact implications of such alternative routes? What kinds of material flow analysis and/or metric standardization is needed for tracking circularity at multiple scales? A specific session on electronic waste and batteries of all chemistries is planned. Other REWAS 2019 Symposia include: - Disruptive Material Manufacturing- Scaling and Systems Challenges - Rethinking Production - Cast Shop Recycling Technologies - Education and Workforce Development Proceedings note: There will be opportunities to submit to the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy for in-scope submissions (Lead: Dr. Gabrielle Gaustad, RIT).

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Cast Shop Technology: Recycling and Sustainability Joint Session: Organized by Mark Badowski; Elsa Olivetti

The Cast Shop Technology, along with Aluminum Reduction Technology, Aluminum Alloys, Processing and Characterization, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production, and Alumina and Bauxite collectively form the Light Metals Symposium. The symposium is an excellent opportunity to interact with experts from the Light Metals industry and academia from all over the world and hear the latest updates on key issues in the industry. The Aluminum industry faces unique challenges in the transition to sustainability and recycling will play a key role. This joint session with the Cast Shop Technology session focuses on: Sustainable operation, Life cycle assessment, Recycling impact and awareness, Charge materials, Environmental issues, and industrial ecology.

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Deriving Value from Challenging Waste Streams: Recycling and Sustainability Joint Session: Organized by Elsa Olivetti; John Howarter; Fiseha Tesfaye

For many products, there is a significant mismatch between the technical needs for responsible treatment of secondary and byproduct materials and the ability to achieve economically feasible operations. These feedstocks are generally low value and can be quite complex due to the significant variation in properties leading to potential mismatch among complexity, regulations and available resources. This symposium will provide a forum for papers exploring the valorization of secondary and byproduct feedstocks including for batteries, electronics, and other complex secondary materials as well as recycling technologies. Those papers providing perspective on both the technical as well as policy-based challenges are encouraged to submit.

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Environmental Challenges and Opportunities for the Magnesium Industry: Recycling and Sustainability Joint Session: Organized by Elsa Olivetti; Neale Neelameggham

This symposium will provide a forum for papers exploring the current and upcoming challenges for magnesium production, processing and use from an environmental perspective. This might include exploring efficiency in production, use of cover gas in processing to benefits from use of magnesium, etc. Those papers providing perspective on both the technical as well as policy-based challenges are encouraged to submit. A paper submission is required.

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Solar Cell Silicon: Organized by Shadia Ikhmayies; Neale Neelameggham; York Smith

There is an expanding interest in silicon for solar energy and electronics. The past decade has seen an unsurpassed growth in the solar industry and despite the recession, growth has continued and costs have been cut dramatically along the production value chain. The most important feedstock for crystalline solar cells is high purity silicon. For the industry to mature and grow into green production, improvements in Si production, refining and crystallization processes, emission control and recycling needs to be carried out. Abstracts are being solicited for the following topics: - Silicon feedstock production (reduction of silica and silica ores, advances in furnace design and process intensification, novel techniques of silicon production, thermodynamic and kinetic modelling). - Silicon refining and behavior of impurities (all types of metallurgical upgrading approaches: solvent refining, slag refining, electrolysis/FCC Cambridge process, gas blowing/oxidation refining, plasma refining, vacuum refining, solidification techniques, optimization of the Siemens-like routes) - Advanced silicon separation and all types of wafering techniques, thin flexible silicon films, interaction of materials with silicon during the processes and novelties in ingot growth) - Life-cycle assessment of solar silicon processing - Recycling of solar silicon components, solar cells and electronic components - Characterization of silicon materials for solar cells

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Stored Renewable Energy in Coal: Organized by Neale Neelameggham; Sarma Pisupati; John Howarter; Huimin Lu

The symposium will cover fundamentals of storing energy in nature in the form of coal, - such as photosynthesis and decay of life utilizing underused energies for endothermic biotic reductionsand the recovery of such stored energies . Examples of underused energies are solar photonic energy, lunar energy, wave power, decay reactions in soil etc. Recovery of energy will include how to effectively recover the stored energy for food production, by intermediate compounds formation prior to becoming CO2 and H2O vapor and regeneration which sustain human population growth, as well as other energy conversions. The symposium will cover subjects other than the conventional combustion reaction- energy conversions into motive power, electric power. The symposium will also include discussions on abiotic reactions leading to the formation of alloys of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen linked by nitrogen and sulfur in naturally found coal. [Some examples of naturally found solid elements familiar to metallurgists are native copper, diamond, graphite, silver, gold and sulfur].