Reflections on the Importance of Leadership in Research Organizations

The Science Behind Green Steel

Live Event: November 3, 2022

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Non-Members can purchase the recording for $100

Explore the reduction methods that are most promising and the scientific bottleneck questions that must be solved to make green steel become a reality in this new TMS Webinar. Examine existing basic research questions associated with producing steel more sustainably, particularly with lower CO2 emissions. Discuss the main research items that must be tackled to enable green steel making and to re-invent a 3,000-year-old industry within less than a decade. 

More than 1.85 billion tons of steel are produced every year, making it the most important alloy in terms of volume and impact. While steel is a sustainability enabler, through lightweight car parts, wind farms, and magnets, its primary production is the opposite. Its reduction from oxides through fossil carbon carriers produces about 2t CO2/t of steel produced, qualifying it as the largest single cause of global warming.

Learn from an expert in this field and address recent progress and open issues in hydrogen-based direct reduction and hydrogen-based plasma reduction including topics such as the kinetics of the solid state and plasma-based reduction reactions, mass transport kinetics, nucleation during the multiple phase transformations, the oxide’s chemistry and microstructure, the roles of plasticity, damage, and fracture associated with the phase transformation, and mass transport phenomena occurring during and possible simulation approaches.

What You Will Learn

  • Examine basic research for making green steel
  • Explore a simulation of sustainable steel making
  • Discuss hydrogen-based direct reduction and hydrogen-based plasma reduction


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Nonmember $100

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About the Speaker

Dierk Raabe

Professor, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany

Dierk Raabe studied music at the Conservatorium in Wuppertal, Germany, and metallurgy and metal physics at RWTH Aachen, Germany After earning his doctorate in 1992 and habilitation in 1997 at RWTH Aachen, he received the Heisenberg Fellowship Award from the German Research Foundation and worked at Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA, USA) and at the National High Magnet Field Laboratory (Tallahassee, FL, USA). He joined the Max Planck Society as a director in 1999. His interests are in computational materials science, phase transformation, alloy design, hydrogen, sustainable metallurgy, and atom probe tomography. He received the Leibniz Award, two ERC Advanced Grants, and the Acta Materialia Gold Medal Award. He is a professor at RWTH Aachen and honorary professor at KU Leuven. He is a member of the National Academy Leopoldina.


George Spanos

Director - New Initiatives, Science, and Engineering Department; The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)

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