Energy Committee

Technical Programming

MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology: Energy Efficient Solid-state Processing : Organized by Rishi Raj; Olivier Guillon

Processing metals and ceramics from raw materials into net shapes is energy intensive. For example sintering of ceramics from powders requires long periods at very high temperatures. Metallic alloys require melting, casting and hot-working. The Symposium invites presentations that focus on a new paradigm where energy is injected directly into the workpiece in the solid state. Often the process times are short, and furnace temperatures are low. Ultrahigh heating rates, microwaves, spark plasma sintering, laser processing, and flash sintering are some of the emerging technologies that will shape the future. The science is alluring since these processes can lead to the creation of "far-from-equilibrium" materials. The energy savings can be huge. It is time to think about transitioning these incipient technologies into manufacturing.

MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology: Progressive Solutions to Improve Corrosion Resistance of Nuclear Waste Storage Materials: Organized by Madeleine Jordache; Gary Pickrell; Bai Cui

Increased long-term corrosion resistance of the nuclear waste storage materials is critical to restrict the escape of radioactive products into the environment. This symposium will enclose two major research topics: 1) Development of environmental safe nuclear storage materials through new, non environment contamination glass processing techniques, and solutions for long-term stable material systems at the geological repository. 2) Improvement of corrosion resistance of nuclear waste storage materials currently considered. This symposium will give researchers worldwide an opportunity to discuss developments in the specific characterization techniques, including Neutron Diffraction, High-Energy X-ray Diffraction, Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Raman Spectroscopy. Further, the symposium will attract outstanding scientists to present Molecular Dynamic (MD) simulations and experiments to understand aqueous glass corrosion and effects on its structure, stability and mechanical properties and Machine Learning (ML) to predict long-term durability and to design glasses and glass-ceramics for long-term nuclear waste storage. Modeling and experiments to understand the corrosion and stress corrosion cracking (scc) resistance of steel canisters used for temporary storage, with means to mitigate and repair are welcome. Work for corrosion of steel canisters to be used to store glass hosting nuclear waste for long term storage at the geological repository is of particular interest. Thermodynamic views into the nuclear waste glass and steel corrosion are looked for. Experimental and modeling approaches to study and propose improvement in toughness of glass and glass-ceramics and glass and glass-ceramics canisters to host nuclear waste are invited.

2023 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Ceramic Materials for Nuclear Energy Research and Applications: Organized by Walter Luscher; Xian-Ming Bai; Lingfeng He; Sudipta Biswas; Simon Middleburgh

Nuclear energy is an integral component of any viable clean energy strategy and ceramic materials play a critical role in nuclear energy production and research. Ceramic oxides are the most commonly utilized fuel form in commercial energy production. Uranium dioxide (UO2) is typically used in light water reactors (LWRs) and the experience base with mixed oxide (MOX) fuels is growing. In addition to fuel forms, ceramics and ceramic coatings are being developed for alternative reactors and advanced cladding concepts. Specifically, there has been significant efforts to incorporate silicon carbide (SiC) in accident tolerant fuel (ATF) concepts. Beyond fission, ceramic materials are also an integral component of future fusion reactor designs as well (e.g., tritium-breeding ceramic materials). Finally, ceramics are being evaluated for potential end-of-life waste forms due to their ability to immobilize hazardous radionuclides. This symposium focuses on both experimental and computational modeling studies of ceramics for nuclear energy research and applications. Both practical reactor materials and surrogate materials are of interest. The topics of interest include but are not limited to: defect production and evolution; mobility, dissolution, and precipitation of solid, volatile, and gaseous fission products; structure-property correlations; degradation of mechanical properties and structural integrity; and radiation-induced phase changes. Experimental studies using various advanced characterization techniques for characterizing radiation effects in ceramics are of particular interest. Techniques such as laboratory ion beam accelerators, research and test reactors, as well as commercial nuclear power reactors are all of interest. Computational studies across different scales from atomistic to the continuum are all welcome. Contributions focused on novel fuels such as doped UO2, high density uranium fuels like uranium nitrides and silicides, and coatings for accident-tolerant fuel claddings are also encouraged. This symposium is intended to bring together national laboratory, university, and nuclear industry researchers from around the world to discuss the current understanding of the radiation response of ceramics through experiment, theory and multi-scale modeling. Presentations on SiC-related topics will be coordinated with concurrent symposia on composites to minimize overlap.

2023 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Energy Technologies and CO2 Management: Organized by Shafiq Alam; Donna Guillen; Fiseha Tesfaye; Lei Zhang; Susanna Hockaday; Neale Neelameggham; Hong (Marco) Peng; Nawshad Haque; Liu Yan

Clean and sustainable energy is of paramount importance for industrial activities, economic development, environment and public welfare. Aiming to reach NetZero, researchers in both academia and industry as well as policymakers are now putting tremendous efforts into the generation, storage and applications of clean energy. This symposium is open to participants from academia, industry and government sectors, which will focus on new and efficient energy technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, recycling and waste heat recovery, and emerging novel energy solutions. The sessions will cover a broad range of mature and new technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, processes that improve energy efficiency, reduce thermal intensity and pollutants, and reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse emissions. Contributions from all areas of energy sources are welcomed. Topics include, but are not limited to: • Energy Efficient Technologies for Minerals, Metals & Materials Processing • Clean Energy Technologies, such as Biomass, Solar, Wind, Geothermal, Nuclear including SMRs, Hydrogen, etc. • Renewable Energy Resources to Reduce the Consumption of Traditional Fossil Fuels • Emerging Technologies for Renewable Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • New Concepts or Devices for Energy Generation, Conversion, and Distribution • Waste Heat Recovery and Other Industrial Energy Efficient Technologies • Energy Education and Energy Regulation • Scale-up, Stability, and Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy Technologies and Improvement of Existing Energy-Intensive Processes • Theory and Simulation in Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • Design, Operation, and Optimization of Processes for Energy Generation (e.g., Carbon Capture) and Conversion of Energy Carriers • Energy Efficiency Improvement in Process Engineering (e.g., for biomass conversion and improved combustion) and Electrical Engineering (e.g., for power conversion and developing smart grids) • Thermo-electric/Electrolysis/Photo-electrolysis/Fundamentals of PV • Emission Control, CO2 Capture and Conversion • Carbon Sequestration Techniques • CO2 and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy in ferrous (iron & steel making and forming), non-ferrous and reactive metals including Critical Rare-earth Metals • Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems • Thermodynamics and Modelling for Sustainable Metallurgical Processes • 'Smart Cool Materials' for Urban Heat Island Mitigation (such as cool roof infrared reflecting material, and low-temperature heat absorbers for use in air conditioner condensers - like 'Endothermic Materials') • Methodologies for Reducing the Cost of Energy Materials Production • Circular Economy and Developing Resource Efficiency Model for Cutting Down the Transport from Remote Places • Materials Extraction and Processing Steps for Enhancing Energy Efficiencies in Batteries, Supercapacitors, and Energy Efficient Cells • Foundational Industry (metals-alloys, chemicals, refractories, cement) and Energy Economy and Role of Mineral Extraction

2023 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: New Directions in Mineral Processing, Extractive Metallurgy, Recycling and Waste Minimization: An EPD Symposium in Honor of Patrick R. Taylor: Organized by Ramana Reddy; Corby Anderson; Erik Spiller; Edgar Vidal; Camille Fleuriault; Alexandra Anderson; Mingming Zhang; Christina Meskers

This symposium is intended to address new research and/or technology for increased efficiency, energy reduction and/or waste minimization in Mineral Processing, Extractive Metallurgy and Recycling. These are topics that Professor Taylor and his students have been studying for the past 45 years. Technical sessions may include new directions in: * Mineral Processing * Hydrometallurgy * Pyrometallurgy * Electrometallurgy * Metals and E waste recycling * Waste minimization (including by-product recovery) * Innovations in metallurgical engineering education and curriculum development

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Advanced Characterization and Modeling of Nuclear Fuels: Microstructure, Thermo-physical Properties: Organized by David Frazer; Fabiola Cappia; Tsvetoslav Pavlov; Peter Hosemann

Evaluating the evolution of nuclear fuel during reactor operation is essential to foster the scientific understanding of fuel behavior. This can provide the data needed to enhance the burn-up of current fuels, enable the use of new accident tolerant fuel forms and metallic fuels. With this research motivation many research facilities worldwide have developed their ability to characterize fresh and irradiated fuels utilizing advanced electron microscopy and thermal characterization techniques. The application of these techniques has led to fuels being studied before and after service providing new knowledge and ideas to enhance burnup and fuel utilization or investigate new fuel forms. In addition, these tools have been applied to evaluate the movement of fission products and further the understanding of the fuel clad chemical interactions and are now ready to be deployed in other fields of research as well. In parallel, model development and implementation of the data generated with advanced techniques in physics-based models for fuel performance codes is becoming increasingly important, both for current fuel burnup extension and advanced fuel development. This symposium aims to take a closer look at the evolution of the microstructure and thermo-physical properties of nuclear fuels during service, including the interaction region between fuel and cladding. Correspondingly, the synergy with materials modeling in advancing and understanding fuels performance under normal and accident conditions will be considered in the symposium. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: Scanning electron microscopy characterization of nuclear fuels and its associated techniques such as Energy dispersive spectroscopy and Wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Electron backscatter diffraction Transmission electron microscopy characterization of nuclear fuels 3D reconstructions of electron backscatter diffraction or scanning election microscopy images of nuclear fuels Thermo-physical property measurements of both fresh and irradiated nuclear fuels Modeling of nuclear fuel behavior during operation

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2022: Energy Technologies and CO2 Management: Organized by Fiseha Tesfaye; Lei Zhang; Donna Guillen; Ziqi Sun; Alafara Baba; Neale Neelameggham; Mingming Zhang; Dirk Verhulst; Shafiq Alam; Mertol Gokelma; Camille Fleuriault; Chukwunwike Iloeje; Kaka Ma

The reliance on fossil fuels for energy is unsustainable and has released an unprecedented amount of carbon dioxide into our atmosphere. The continual research and development effort into clean and sustainable energy technologies is of paramount importance to ensure the responsible progress of human civilization and innovations. The symposium is open to participants from industry, government and academia and will focus on energy efficient technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, and recycling and waste heat recovery, 'smart cool materials' for abating Urban Heat Islands as well as emerging novel energy technologies. The sessions will also cover various technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, processes that improve energy efficiency and reduce thermal emissions. Contributions from all areas of non-nuclear and non-traditional energy sources are encouraged. Topics include, but are not limited to: • Emerging Technologies for Renewable Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • New Concepts or Devices for Energy Generation, Conversion, and Distribution • Waste Heat Recovery and Other Industrial Energy Efficient Technologies •'Smart Cool Materials' for Urban Heat Island Mitigation (such as cool roof infrared reflecting material, and low temperature heat absorbers for use in air conditioner condensers - like 'Endothermic Materials') • Energy Education and Energy Regulation • Scale-up, Stability, and Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy Technologies and Improvement of Existing Energy-intensive Processes • Theory and Simulation in Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • Design, Operation, and Optimization of Processes for Energy Generation and Conversion of Energy Carriers • Energy Efficiency Improvement in Process Engineering (e.g., for biomass conversion and improved combustion) and Electrical Engineering (e.g., for power conversion and developing smart grids) • Thermoelectric/Electrolysis/Photoelectrolysis/Fundamentals of PV Emission Control and Conversion • Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems • Methodologies for Reducing the Cost of Energy Materials Production • Circular Economy and Developing Resource Efficiency Model for Cutting Down the Transport from Remote Places • Materials Extraction and Processing Steps for Enhancing Energy Efficiencies in Batteries, Supercapacitors, and Energy Efficient Cells • Foundational Industry (metals-alloys, chemicals, refractories, cement) and Energy Economy and Role of Mineral Extraction

2022 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: REWAS 2022:�Decarbonizing the Materials Industry: Organized by Camille Fleuriault; Christina Meskers; Mertol Gokelma; Elsa Olivetti; Jesse White; Chukwunwike Iloeje; Neale Neelameggham; Kaka Ma

This symposium covers decarbonization efforts across the primary and secondary industries via development of alternative, renewable energies and the optimization of fuel consumption for energy generation. Described concepts will refer to recent technologies or policies used for the purpose of reducing CO2 emissions. In particular,�hydrogen reduction, inert anode smelting and alternative sources of energy for production plants�are of interest. Beyond the technologies described, emphasis should be made on the metrics used for the quantification of carbon reduction.�� Session topics include: - Carbon Capture and Utilization, Carbon Capture and Storage�� - Alternative reduction and carburization sources� - Alternative energy sources in the manufacturing industry� - Decarbonization in the primary Al Production�

2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Ceramic Materials for Nuclear Energy Research and Applications: Organized by Xian-Ming Bai; Yongfeng Zhang; Larry Aagesen; Vincenzo Rondinella

Nuclear energy is an essential element of a clean energy strategy, avoiding greenhouse gas emissions of over two billion tons per year. Ceramic materials play a critical role in nuclear energy research and applications. Nuclear fuels, such as uranium dioxide (UO2) and mixed oxide (MOX) fuels, have been widely used in current light water reactors (LWRs) to produce about 15% of the electricity in the world. Silicon carbide (SiC) is a promising accident-tolerant cladding material and is under active research studies. Some oxide ceramics have been proposed for novel inert matrix fuels or have been extensively studied as waste forms for the immobilization of nuclear waste. Moreover, ceramics are under active studies for fusion reactor research. This symposium focuses on experimental and computational studies of ceramics for nuclear energy research and applications. Both practical reactor materials and surrogate materials are of interest. The topics of interest include but are not limited to: defect production and evolution; mobility, dissolution, and precipitation of solid, volatile, and gaseous fission products; changes in various properties (e.g., thermal conductivity, volume swelling, mechanical properties) induced by microstructural evolution; and radiation-induced phase changes. Experimental studies using various advanced characterization techniques for characterizing radiation effects in ceramics are of particular interest. The irradiation techniques such as laboratory ion beam accelerators, research and test reactors, as well as commercial nuclear power reactors are all of interest. Computational studies across different scales from atomistic to the continuum are all welcome. Contributions focused on novel fuels such as doped UO2, high density uranium fuels like uranium nitrides and silicides, and coatings for accident-tolerant fuel claddings are also encouraged. This symposium is intended to bring together national laboratory, university, and nuclear industry researchers from around the world to discuss the current understanding of the radiation response of ceramics through experiment, theory and multi-scale modeling.

2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Energy Technologies and CO2 Management: Organized by Alafara Baba; Lei Zhang; Donna Guillen; Xiaobo Chen; John Howarter; Neale Neelameggham; Cong Wang; Ziqi Sun; Hong (Marco) Peng; Yu Lin Zhong

The reliance on fossil fuels for energy is unsustainable and has released an unprecedented amount of carbon dioxide into our atmosphere. The continual research and development effort into clean and sustainable energy technologies and efficient carbon dioxide management are of paramount importance to ensure the responsible progress of human civilisation and innovations. This symposium aims to bring together both academia and industry to jointly address the pressing issues and development of new strategies. The symposium is open to participants from both industry and academia and will focus on energy efficient technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, and recycling and waste heat recovery, as well as emerging novel energy technologies. The sessions will also cover various technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, processes that improve energy efficiency, reduce thermal emissions, and reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse emissions. Contributions from all areas of non-nuclear and non-traditional energy sources are welcomed. Topics include, but are not limited to: • Renewable Energy Resources to Reduce the Consumption of Traditional Fossil Fuels • Emerging Technologies for Renewable Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • New Concepts or Devices for Energy Generation, Conversion, and Distribution • Waste Heat Recovery and Other Industrial Energy Efficient Technologies • Energy Education and Energy Regulation • Scale-up, Stability, and Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy Technologies and Improvement of Existing Energy-Intensive Processes • Theory and Simulation in Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • Design, Operation, and Optimization of Processes for Energy Generation (e.g., Carbon Capture) and Conversion of Energy Carriers • Energy Efficiency Improvement in Process Engineering (e.g., for biomass conversion and improved combustion) and Electrical Engineering (e.g., for power conversion and developing smart grids) • Thermo-electric/Electrolysis/Photo-electrolysis/Fundamentals of PV • Emission Control, CO2 Capture and Conversion • Carbon Sequestration Techniques • CO2 and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy in ferrous (iron & steel making and forming), non-ferrous and reactive metals including Critical Rare-earth Metals • Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems • Thermodynamics and Modelling for Sustainable Metallurgical Processes

2020 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Energy Technologies and CO2 Management Symposium: Organized by Xiaobo Chen; Yu Lin Zhong; Lei Zhang; John Howarter; Alafara Baba; Neale Neelameggham; Cong Wang; Ziqi Sun

Clean and sustainable energy is of paramount significance for industrial activities, economic development, environment and welfare of civilians. As such, research on generation, storage and applications of clean energy is stepping to the stage centre of both academia and industry. This symposium aims to address the pressing needs for sustainable technologies with reduced energy consumption and environmental pollutions and the development and application of alternative sustainable energy to maintain a green environment and efficient and long-lasting energy supply. The symposium is open to the participants from both industry and academia and focus on new and efficient energy technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, and recycling and waste heat recovery, as well as emerging novel energy solutions. The sessions will also cover a broad range of mature and new technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, processes that improve energy efficiency, reduce thermal emissions, and reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse emissions. Contributions from all areas of non-nuclear and non-traditional energy sources are welcomed. Topics include, but are not limited to: • Renewable Energy Resources to Reduce the Consumption of Traditional Fossil Fuels • Emerging Technologies for Renewable Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • New Concepts or Devices for Energy Generation, Conversion, and Distribution • Waste Heat Recovery and Other Industrial Energy Efficient Technologies • Energy Education and Energy Regulation • Scale-up, Stability, and Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy Technologies and Improvement of Existing Energy-Intensive Processes • Theory and Simulation in Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage • Design, Operation, and Optimization of Processes for Energy Generation (e.g., Carbon Capture) and Conversion of Energy Carriers • Energy Efficiency Improvement in Process Engineering (e.g., for biomass conversion and improved combustion) and Electrical Engineering (e.g., for power conversion and developing smart grids) • Thermo-electric/Electrolysis/Photo-electrolysis/Fundamentals of PV • Emission Control, CO2 Capture and Conversion • Carbon Sequestration Techniques • CO2 and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy in ferrous (iron & steel making and forming), non-ferrous and reactive metals including Critical Rare-earth Metals • Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems • Thermodynamics and Modelling for Sustainable Metallurgical Processes

2019 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: 2019 Energy Technologies and Carbon Dioxide Management Symposium: Organized by Tao Wang; Xiaobo Chen; Donna Guillen; Lei Zhang; Ziqi Sun; Cong Wang; Nawshad Haque; John Howarter; Neale Neelameggham

Since energy has been an issue in any branch of the industry, the symposium intends to address the needs for sustainable technologies with reduced energy consumption and pollutants and the development and application of alternative sustainable energy to maintain a green environment and energy supply. The symposium is open to participants from both industry and academia and will focus on energy efficient technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, and recycling and waste heat recovery, as well as emerging novel energy technologies. The sessions will also cover various technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, processes that improve energy efficiency, reduce thermal emissions, and reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse emissions. Contributions from all areas of non-nuclear and non-traditional energy sources are welcomed. Topics include, but are not limited to: - Renewable Energy Resources to Reduce the Consumption of Traditional Fossil Fuels - Emerging Technologies for Renewable Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage - New Concepts or Devices for Energy Generation, Conversion, and Distribution - Waste Heat Recovery and Other Industrial Energy Efficient Technologies - Energy Education and Energy Regulation - Scale-up, Stability, and Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy Technologies and Improvement of Existing Energy-Intensive Processes - Theory and Simulation in Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage - Design, Operation, and Optimization of Processes for Energy Generation (e.g., Carbon Capture) and Conversion of Energy Carriers - Energy Efficiency Improvement in Process Engineering (e.g., for biomass conversion and improved combustion) and Electrical Engineering (e.g., for power conversion and developing smart grids) - Thermo-electric/Electrolysis/Photo-electrolysis/Fundamentals of PV - Emission Control, CO2 Capture and Conversion - Carbon Sequestration Techniques - CO2 and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy in ferrous (iron & steel making and forming), non-ferrous and reactive metals including Critical Rare-earth Metals - Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems - Thermodynamics and Modelling for Sustainable Metallurgical Processes

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Cast Shop Technology: Energy Joint Session: Organized by Mark Badowski; Mark Jolly; Donald Whipple; Cynthia Belt

Cast Shop Technology, along with Aluminum Reduction Technology, Aluminum Alloys, Processing and Characterization, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production, and Alumina and Bauxite collectively form the Light Metals topic area at the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. The meeting is an excellent opportunity to interact with experts from the Light Metals industry and academia from all over the world and hear the latest updates on key issues in the industry. The Aluminum industry faces unique challenges in the transition to sustainability and efficient use of energy will play a key role. This joint session will explore the trends and drivers toward sustainability. Papers are encouraged with research or case studies in furnace efficiency including energy savings, increased production, and reduced melt loss.

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Energy Technologies and CO2 Management Symposium: Organized by Ziqi Sun; Cong Wang; Donna Guillen; Tao Wang; Neale Neelameggham; John Howarter

Since energy has been an issue in any branch of the industry, the symposium intends to address the needs for sustainable technologies with reduced energy consumption and pollutants and the development and application of alternative sustainable energy to maintain a green environment and energy supply. The symposium is open to participants from both industry and academia and will focus on energy efficient technologies including innovative ore beneficiation, smelting technologies, and recycling and waste heat recovery, as well as emerging novel energy technologies. The sessions will also cover various technological aspects of sustainable energy ecosystems, processes that improve energy efficiency, reduce thermal emissions, and reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse emissions. Contributions from all areas of non-nuclear and non-traditional energy sources are welcomed. Topics include, but are not limited to: - Renewable Energy Resources to Reduce the Consumption of Traditional Fossil Fuels - Emerging Technologies for Renewable Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage - New Concepts or Devices for Energy Generation, Conversion, and Distribution - Waste Heat Recovery and Other Industrial Energy Efficient Technologies - Energy Education and Energy Regulation - Scale-up, Stability, and Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy Technologies and Improvement of Existing Energy-Intensive Processes - Theory and Simulation in Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Storage - Design, Operation, and Optimization of Processes for Energy Generation (e.g., Carbon Capture) and Conversion of Energy Carriers - Energy Efficiency Improvement in Process Engineering (e.g., for biomass conversion and improved combustion) and Electrical Engineering (e.g., for power conversion and developing smart grids) - Thermo-electric/Electrolysis/Photo-electrolysis/Fundamentals of PV - Emission Control, CO2 Capture and Conversion - Carbon Sequestration Techniques - CO2 and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy in ferrous (iron & steel making and forming), non-ferrous and reactive metals including Critical Rare-earth Metals - Sustainability and Life Cycle Assessment of Energy Systems - Thermodynamics and Modelling for Sustainable Metallurgical Processes

2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Stored Renewable Energy in Coal: Organized by Neale Neelameggham; Sarma Pisupati; John Howarter; Huimin Lu

The symposium will cover fundamentals of storing energy in nature in the form of coal, - such as photosynthesis and decay of life utilizing underused energies for endothermic biotic reductionsand the recovery of such stored energies . Examples of underused energies are solar photonic energy, lunar energy, wave power, decay reactions in soil etc. Recovery of energy will include how to effectively recover the stored energy for food production, by intermediate compounds formation prior to becoming CO2 and H2O vapor and regeneration which sustain human population growth, as well as other energy conversions. The symposium will cover subjects other than the conventional combustion reaction- energy conversions into motive power, electric power. The symposium will also include discussions on abiotic reactions leading to the formation of alloys of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen linked by nitrogen and sulfur in naturally found coal. [Some examples of naturally found solid elements familiar to metallurgists are native copper, diamond, graphite, silver, gold and sulfur].